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Journal Articles Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses Year : 2014

Probiotics: A new way to fight bacterial pulmonary infections?


Antibiotics, of which Fleming has identified the first representative, penicillin, in 1928, allowed dramatical improvement of the treatment of patients presenting with infectious diseases. However, once an antibiotic is used, resistance may develop more or less rapidly in some bacteria. It is thus necessary to develop therapeutic alternatives, such as the use of probiotics, defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as "micro-organisms which, administered live and in adequate amounts, confer a benefit to the health of the host". The scope of these micro-organisms is broad, concerning many areas including that of infectious diseases, especially respiratory infections. We describe the rational use of probiotics in respiratory tract infections and detail the results of various clinical studies describing the use of probiotics in the management of respiratory infections such as nosocomial or community acquired pneumonia, or on specific grounds such as cystic fibrosis. The results are sometimes contradictory, but the therapeutic potential of probiotics seems promising. Implementing research to understand their mechanisms of action is critical to conduct therapeutic tests based on a specific rational for the strains to be used, the dose, as well as the chosen mode and rhythm of administration

Dates and versions

hal-00845435 , version 1 (17-07-2013)



Y. Alexandre, Gwenaelle Le Blay, Sylvie Boisramé-Gastrin, Florence Le Gall, Geneviève Héry-Arnaud, et al.. Probiotics: A new way to fight bacterial pulmonary infections?. Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses, 2014, 44 (1), pp.9-17. ⟨10.1016/j.medmal.2013.05.001⟩. ⟨hal-00845435⟩
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