Impact of nutritional conditions on yields, germination rate and shelf-life of Plectosporium alismatis conidia and chlamydospores as potential candidates for the development of a mycoherbicide of weeds in rice crops

Abstract : The effect of nutritional conditions on spore qualities was investigated in order to select which propagules, conidia or chlamydospores, would be most suitable for mycoherbicide development. Plectosporium alismatis was grown in a liquid basal medium supplemented with glucose and a mineral nitrogen source (sodium nitrate) or an organic nitrogen source (casamino acids). Conidial and chlamydospore yields, germination rate and shelflife were compared. Two growth models were developed: on one hand, sodium nitrate added as the sole nitrogen source was partially utilised (8%), resulting in poor growth (1.7790.02 mg mL 1; 691.7 105 conidia mL 1). Under these conditions, P. alismatis produced dense, melanised-like aggregates that contained chlamydospores (12.490.7 104 chlamydospores mL 1). Germination rates of chlamydospores and conidia produced under these conditions was high (80%). Twenty percent of chlamydospores were able to germinate after 4 months storage at 258C, while survival of conidia declined rapidly (B2%). When casamino acids were added to the liquid medium as the sole nitrogen source, P. alismatis produced sparser pellets resulting in high dry weights (5.3790.09 mg mL 1 and high conidia numbers (9.691.5 106 conidia mL 1), while no chlamydospore were observed. The germination rate of conidia produced in casamino acids was low (33913%) after 8 h incubation and microcycle conidiation occurred. Five percent of these conidia germinated after 4 months storage. These data indicate that chlamydospores may be suitable for mycoherbicide development, provided further optimisation of yields is achieved.
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Biocontrol Science and Technology, Taylor & Francis, 2008, 18 (7), pp.685-695. 〈10.1080/09583150802255827〉
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Contributeur : Sophie Cliquet <>
Soumis le : lundi 10 septembre 2012 - 09:03:09
Dernière modification le : mercredi 10 janvier 2018 - 14:42:39
Document(s) archivé(s) le : mardi 11 décembre 2012 - 02:45:09

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Sophie Cliquet, Kashif Zeeshan. Impact of nutritional conditions on yields, germination rate and shelf-life of Plectosporium alismatis conidia and chlamydospores as potential candidates for the development of a mycoherbicide of weeds in rice crops. Biocontrol Science and Technology, Taylor & Francis, 2008, 18 (7), pp.685-695. 〈10.1080/09583150802255827〉. 〈hal-00728975〉

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