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Les hôpitaux militaires sous tentes et baraqués au XIXe siècle.

Nicolas Meynen 1, * 
* Corresponding author
1 CRBC Brest - Centre de recherche bretonne et celtique
UBO - Université de Brest, IBSHS - Institut Brestois des Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société
Abstract : Military hospitals in tents and barracks in the nineteenth century. Military buildings that one finds today are not sufficient to understand the entire military habitat. Among the units of the health service that were charged in combat with first care of the wounded and other sick in war, some were organized in tents or barracks made of wood, light and mobile structures now completely disappeared from military holdings. These temporary locations, generally less comfortable and less healthy than permanent hospitals, provided particularly important hygienic services. In the context of a military health service that was not independent before 1882, this article examines the creation and improvement of operations in this mode of construction. Hospitals in tents and barracks joined in 1914 by floating hospitals and ambulance trains, signaled changes in surgical treatment on the battlefield. They operated effectively very close to the sick and wounded in the slow process of diversifying and specializing French hospitals while contributing to hygienic improvements. The use of this method in peacetime by the civilian health service places advances in medical and hygienic principles in the military health service at the heart of the development of hospitals in France.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 2, 2010 - 9:36:55 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, March 27, 2022 - 3:17:37 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-00460687, version 1



Nicolas Meynen. Les hôpitaux militaires sous tentes et baraqués au XIXe siècle.. Revue Historique des Armées, 2009, 254, pp.92-109. ⟨hal-00460687⟩



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