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Journal Articles BioMed Research International Year : 2017

Metabolic Syndrome and Hypertension Resulting from Fructose Enriched Diet in Wistar Rats

Abstract

Increased sugar consumption, especially fructose, is strongly related to the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate long term effects of fructose supplementation on Wistar rats. Three-week-old male rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: control (C; n = 14 ) and fructose fed (FF; n = 18 ), with a fructose enriched drink (20–25% w/v fructose in water) for 21 weeks. Systolic blood pressure, fasting glycemia, and bodyweight were regularly measured. Glucose tolerance was evaluated three times using an oral glucose tolerance test. Insulin levels were measured concomitantly and insulin resistance markers were evaluated (HOMA 2-IR, Insulin Sensitivity Index for glycemia (ISI-gly)). Lipids profile was evaluated on plasma. This fructose supplementation resulted in the early induction of hypertension without renal failure (stable theoretical creatinine clearance) and in the progressive development of fasting hyperglycemia and insulin resistance (higher HOMA 2-IR, lower ISI-gly) without modification of glucose tolerance. FF rats presented dyslipidemia (higher plasma triglycerides) and early sign of liver malfunction (higher liver weight). Although abdominal fat weight was increased in FF rats, no significant overweight was found. In Wistar rats, 21 weeks of fructose supplementation induced a metabolic syndrome (hypertension, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia) but not T2D.
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Dates and versions

hal-04491802 , version 1 (06-03-2024)

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Julie Dupas, Annie Feray, Christelle Goanvec, Anthony Guernec, Nolwenn Samson, et al.. Metabolic Syndrome and Hypertension Resulting from Fructose Enriched Diet in Wistar Rats. BioMed Research International , 2017, 2017, pp.1-10. ⟨10.1155/2017/2494067⟩. ⟨hal-04491802⟩
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