Effect of dietary phospholipid level and phospholipid:neutral lipid value on the development of sea bass ( Dicentrarchus labrax ) larvae fed a compound diet - Université de Bretagne Occidentale Access content directly
Journal Articles British Journal of Nutrition Year : 2007

Effect of dietary phospholipid level and phospholipid:neutral lipid value on the development of sea bass ( Dicentrarchus labrax ) larvae fed a compound diet

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the influence of dietary phospholipid concentration on survival and development in sea bass ( Dicentrarchus labrax ) larvae. Larvae were fed from day 9 to day 40 post-hatch with an isoproteic and isolipidic formulated diet with graded phospholipid levels from 27 to 116 g/kg DM and different phospholipid:neutral lipid values. The best growth (32 mg at the end of the experiment) survival (73 %) and larval quality (only 2% of malformed larvae) were obtained in the larvae fed the diet containing 116 g phospholipid/kg DM ( P < 0·05). These results were related to the amount of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylinositol included in this diet (35 and 16 g/kg respectively). Amylase, alkaline phosphatase and aminopeptidase N activities revealed a proper maturation of the digestive tract in the two groups fed the highest phospholipid levels. Regulation of lipase and phospholipase A2 by the relative amount of their substrate in the diet occurred mainly at the transcriptional level. The response of pancreatic lipase to dietary neutral lipid was not linear. As in mammals 200 g triacylglycerol/kg diet seems to represent a threshold level above which the response of pancreatic lipase is maximal. The response of phospholipase A2 to dietary phospholipid content was gradual and showed a great modulation range in expression. Sea bass larvae have more efficient capacity to utilize dietary phospholipid than neutral lipids. For the first time a compound diet sustaining good growth, survival and skeletal development has been formulated and can be used in total replacement of live prey in the feeding sequence of marine fish larvae.

Dates and versions

hal-04477808 , version 1 (26-02-2024)

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Chantal Cahu, Jose-Luis Zambonino-Infante, Valérie Barbosa. Effect of dietary phospholipid level and phospholipid:neutral lipid value on the development of sea bass ( Dicentrarchus labrax ) larvae fed a compound diet. British Journal of Nutrition, 2007, 90 (1), pp.21-28. ⟨10.1079/BJN2003880⟩. ⟨hal-04477808⟩
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