The role of humic-type ligands in the bioavailability and stabilization of dissolved iron in the Western Tropical South Pacific Ocean - Université de Bretagne Occidentale Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Marine Science Year : 2023

The role of humic-type ligands in the bioavailability and stabilization of dissolved iron in the Western Tropical South Pacific Ocean

Abstract

The high N 2 fixation rate observed in the Lau Basin of the western tropical South Pacific Ocean (WTSP) is fueled by iron (Fe) released from shallow hydrothermal systems. Understanding Fe bioavailability is crucial but the controls on the stability and bioavailability of hydrothermal Fe inputs are still poorly understood. Here, we provide new data on the spatial and vertical distribution of the soluble ubiquitous humic-like ligands (L FeHS) and their associated dissolved Fe (DFe) in the WTSP, including in samples near hydrothermal vents. Our data show that L FeHS are heterogenous ligands with binding sites of both strong and intermediate strengths. These ligands are primarily produced in surface waters and partially mineralized in mesopelagic waters. A substantial fraction of DFe was complexed by L FeHS (mean ~30%). The DFe complexed by L FeHS is likely bioavailable to phytoplankton and L FeHS stabilized Fe released by the mineralization of sinking biomass. However, unsaturation of L FeHS by Fe suggest that part of DFe is not available for complexation with L FeHS. Possible reasons are competition between DFe and other metals, such as dissolved copper, or the inability of L FeHS to access colloidal DFe. The study of two volcanic sites indicates that L FeHS were not produced in these hydrothermal systems. At the active site (DFe ~50 nmol L-1), L FeHS can only partially solubilize the hydrothermal DFe released in this area (1~5.5% of the total DFe). We performed controlled laboratory experiments which show that the observed low solubilization yield result from the inability of L FeHS to solubilize aged Fe oxyhydroxides (FeOx-a kinetically mediated process) and to form stable complexes with Fe(II) species. Our study provides new understanding of the role of L FeHS on the bioavailability and stabilization of hydrothermal DFe.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
fmars-10-1219594.pdf (2.03 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publisher files allowed on an open archive
Licence

Dates and versions

hal-04218071 , version 1 (26-09-2023)

Licence

Identifiers

Cite

Gabriel Dulaquais, Pierre Fourrier, Cécile Guieu, Léo Mahieu, Ricardo Riso, et al.. The role of humic-type ligands in the bioavailability and stabilization of dissolved iron in the Western Tropical South Pacific Ocean. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2023, 10, ⟨10.3389/fmars.2023.1219594⟩. ⟨hal-04218071⟩
17 View
13 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More