Cardiovascular oxygen transport and peripheral oxygen extraction capacity contribute to acute heat tolerance in European seabass - Université de Bretagne Occidentale Access content directly
Journal Articles Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology Year : 2022

Cardiovascular oxygen transport and peripheral oxygen extraction capacity contribute to acute heat tolerance in European seabass

Abstract

This study evaluated whether different parameters describing cardiovascular function, energy metabolism, oxygen transport and oxidative stress were related to the critical thermal maximum (CT MAX) of European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and if there were differential changes in these parameters during and after heat shock in animals with different CT MAX in order to characterize which physiological features make seabass vulnerable to heat waves. Seabass (n = 621) were tested for CT MAX and the physiological parameters were measured in individuals with good or poor temperature tolerance before and after a heat shock (change in temperature from 15 • C to 28 • C in 1.5 h). Fish with good thermal tolerance had larger ventricles with higher maximal heart rate during the heat shock than individuals with poor tolerance. Furthermore, they initially had a high ventricular Ca 2+-ATPase activity, which was reduced to a similar level as in fish with poor tolerance following heat shock. The activity of heart lactate dehydrogenase increased in fish with high tolerance, when they were exposed to heat shock, while the aerobic enzyme activity did not differ between groups. The tolerant individuals had smaller red muscle fibers with higher myoglobin content than the poorly tolerant ones. The poorly tolerant individuals had higher hematocrit, which increased with heat shock in both groups. The poorly tolerant individuals had also higher activity of enzymes related to oxidative stress especially after heat shock. In general, CT MAX was not depending on merely one physiological factor but several organ and cellular parameters were related to the CT MAX of seabass and when working in combination they might protect the highly tolerant seabass from future heat waves.

Domains

Animal biology
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Dates and versions

hal-04032544 , version 1 (16-03-2023)

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Katja Anttila, Florian Mauduit, Mirella Kanerva, Miriam Götting, Mikko Nikinmaa, et al.. Cardiovascular oxygen transport and peripheral oxygen extraction capacity contribute to acute heat tolerance in European seabass. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 2022, 275, pp.111340. ⟨10.1016/j.cbpa.2022.111340⟩. ⟨hal-04032544⟩
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