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Vins et vignobles en Bretagne au Moyen Âge. Premières observations et perspectives

Abstract : At first sight, thinking of Brittany as a wine-producing region may seem rather unlikely, but the medieval documentation does show a wide spread of vineyards in Brittany in the Middle Ages. It would even seem that it is a peak period in the location and distribution, both spatially and socially. The 13th century appears to be a crucial time. There were vineyards before and they seemed to be strongly related to the religious world, especially to monastic settlements. Even if archeological searches reveal a somewhat less definite picture, the writings show a clear proximity between vineyards and monks. Then, following an increase in population, urban development and the concentration of the population in towns, even in small towns, wine-growing becomes widely successful in the 13th century. It can be found all over Brittany but not on the same scale everywhere however. There also seems to be a differentiation that emerges around that time. Local grapes produce “Breton wines” for local use while the largest urban centers but also abbeys develop their supplies from the Loire, the region around La Rochelle and Gascony. While wine-growing seems to reach its peak during the Middle Ages, vineyards nevertheless remain a local feature until the 17th or 18th century.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 21, 2021 - 3:05:48 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 25, 2022 - 1:42:05 PM



Julien Bachelier. Vins et vignobles en Bretagne au Moyen Âge. Premières observations et perspectives. Norois, 2020, 254, pp.21-36. ⟨10.4000/norois.9578⟩. ⟨hal-03266187⟩



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