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Peridotites and mafic igneous rocks at the foot of the Galicia Margin: oceanic or continental lithosphere? A discussion

Abstract : An ultramafic/mafic complex is exposed at sea, at the foot of the Galicia Margin (Spain and Portugal). It comprises various types of peridotites and pyroxenites, as well as amphibole-diorites, gabbros, dolerites and basalts. For chronological and structural reasons (gabbros were emplaced within peridotites before the continental break-up) this unit cannot be assigned to the Atlantic oceanic crust. The compilation of all available petrological and geochemical data suggests that peridotites are derived from the sub-continental lithospheric mantle, deeply transformed during Cretaceous rifting. Thus, websterite dykes extracted from the depleted MORB mantle reservoir (DMM), were emplaced early within the lithospheric harzburgites; subsequent boudinage and tectonic dispersion of these dykes in the peridotites, during deformation stages at the beginning of rifting, resulted in the formation of fertile but isotopically depleted lherzolites. Sterile but isotopically enriched websterites, would represent melting residues in the peridotites, after significant partial melting and melt extraction related to the thermal erosion of the lithosphere. The latter melts are probably the source of brown amphibole metasomatic crystallization in some peridotites, as well as of the emplacement of amphibole-diorite dykes. Melts directly extracted from the asthenosphere were emplaced as gabbro within the sub-continental mantle. Mixing this DMM melts together with the enriched melts extracted from the lithosphere, provided the intermediate isotopic melt-compositions-in between DMM and Oceanic Islands Basalts reservoir-observed for the dolerites and basalts, none of which being characterized by a genuine N-MORB signature. An enriched lithospheric mantle, present prior to rifting of the Galicia margin, is in good agreement with data from the Messejana dyke (Spain) and more generally, with those of all continental tholeiites of the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP).
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Submitted on : Monday, November 9, 2020 - 9:36:09 PM
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J Kornprobst, G Chazot. Peridotites and mafic igneous rocks at the foot of the Galicia Margin: oceanic or continental lithosphere? A discussion. Boletin Geologico y Minero, 2016, 127. ⟨hal-02997032⟩

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