Social Networks of Alaska Fishing Communities

Abstract : Fishing community social networks function as channels for transfer of fishery knowledge, resources, and business transactions that help mitigate risks and shocks associated with altered access to fishery resources. Research on such networks in Alaska is limited despite their cultural importance and community reliance on fisheries. We contribute to scholarship of fishery social networks by assessing Alaska fishing community perspectives of challenges related to fisheries policy and management, and the existing social networks that aid in overcoming these challenges. Our findings show that the greatest challenges fishing communities face pertaining to fishery management are high costs of participating in catch share programs, restricted subsistence fishing activity due to decline in salmon, and complex regulations. Social networks exist for coping with these challenges; fishery information, and resources such as food, fuel and medicines are shared between communities. However, networks for accessing fishery support services are centralized in fewer larger communities and hubs such as Anchorage. Smaller and remote communities are the most compromised in this regard given the distance they must travel to access fishery support services. Leveraging social networks for sharing resources and improving fishery support services in smaller communities will increase their adaptive capacity and ability to maintain participation in Alaska fisheries.
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-02137954
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 23, 2019 - 2:01:48 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 4, 2019 - 10:27:30 AM

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Anna Lavoie, Amber Himes-Cornell. Social Networks of Alaska Fishing Communities. Coastal Management, Taylor & Francis, 2019, 47 (1), pp.1-22. ⟨10.1080/08920753.2019.1525259⟩. ⟨hal-02137954⟩

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