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Formes, contenus et évolution du partage au sein d'une équipe de sport de haut niveau

Abstract : he objective of this study was to identify elements which contribute to shared understanding between elite handball players during a game, and more particularly in rapid attack situations. According to the Team Cognition research shared understanding explain coordinations efficiency of team's members in workplaces or sports settings. More precisely, we used Team Situation Awareness approach to study sharedness forms, contents and dynamics in Handball. Behavioral data from six elite players during nine selected offensive phases were recorded and supplemented by verbal data collected during self-confrontation interviews after the game. Data were analyzed in five stages: (1) generate offensive phases chronologies, (2) encode and examine players’ courses of action during each phase, (3) identify shared sequences, (4) analyze shared sequences meaning through players understanding to identify typical shared structures, (5) analyze shared contents and forms dynamics, (6) verify analysis validity. Results indicated seven typical shared sequences and four typical shared understanding between these six elite players. They also revealed handball players. Seven typical shared sequences also arose in our study. The variability of sharedness forms depended on the number of players who shared informations during offensive phases. Shared dynamic during the match can be understood through data. In particular, this analysis shows that sharedness forms are local and punctual,alternating between two main modes of shared understanding : either a preestablished plan follow-up, together with possible adaptation to conclude a given action, or a real-time adaptation to the context of action. These results are discussed in three points : (1) variability of elements which contribute to coordination in a sport team, (2) context effects on shared structures and, (3) shared understanding dynamics related to situations and consequences for shared understanding' construct.
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Contributor : Cyril Bossard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, March 16, 2019 - 9:56:05 AM
Last modification on : Monday, March 14, 2022 - 11:08:08 AM



Camille de Keukelaere, Gilles Kermarrec, Cyril Bossard, Denis Pasco, Pierre de Loor. Formes, contenus et évolution du partage au sein d'une équipe de sport de haut niveau. Le travail humain, 2013, 76 (3), pp.227. ⟨10.3917/th.763.0227⟩. ⟨hal-02069874⟩



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