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Purification and Quantification of an Isomeric Compound in a Mixture by Collisional Excitation in Multistage Mass Spectrometry Experiments

Abstract : The differentiation, characterization, and quantification of isomers and/or isobars in mixtures is a recurrent problem in mass spectrometry and more generally in analytical chemistry. Here we present a new strategy to assess the purity of a compound that is susceptible to be contaminated with another isomeric side-product in trace levels. Providing one of the isomers is available as pure sample, this new strategy allows the detection of isomeric contamination. This is done thanks to a “gas-phase collisional purification” inside an ion trap mass spectrometer paving the way for an improved analysis of at least similar samples. This strategy consists in using collision induced dissociation (CID) multistage mass spectrometry (MS2 and MS3) experiments and the survival yield (SY) technique. It has been successfully applied to mixtures of cyclic poly(L-lactide) (PLA) with increasing amounts of its linear topological isomer. Purification in gas phase of PLA mixtures was established based on SY curves obtained in MS3 mode: all samples gave rise to the same SY curve corresponding then to the pure cyclic component. This new strategy was sensitive enough to detect traces of linear PLA (<3%) in a sample of cyclic PLA that was supposedly pure according to other characterization techniques (1H NMR, MALDI-HRMS, and size-exclusion chromatography). Moreover, in this case, the presence of linear isomer was undetectable according to MS/MS or MS/MS/MS analysis only as fragment ions are also of the same m/z values. This type of approach could easily be implemented in hyphenated mass spectrometric techniques to improve the structural and quantitative analysis of complex samples.
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-01539207
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 14, 2017 - 3:54:02 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 11, 2019 - 4:52:04 PM

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Dany Jeanne Dit Fouque, Alicia Maroto, Antony Memboeuf. Purification and Quantification of an Isomeric Compound in a Mixture by Collisional Excitation in Multistage Mass Spectrometry Experiments. Analytical Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2016, 88 (22), pp.10821 - 10825. ⟨10.1021/acs.analchem.6b03490⟩. ⟨hal-01539207⟩

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