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Prévalence du déficit en vitamine D chez les enfants âgés de 5 a 10 ans en Bretagne Occidentale.

Abstract : French guidelines do not recommend systematic supplementation of vitamin D in children aged 5-10 years old owing to the lack of data on vitamin D status in this age group. Our objective was to assess the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in these children. Single-center, prospective, epidemiological study including 358 children aged 0-15 years. The endpoint was the concentration of vitamin D. In all, 316 children were divided into four groups according to age: 0-18 months (n=113); 18 months to 5 years (n=103); 5-10 years (n=62); and 10-15 years (n=38). The median concentration of vitamin D decreased with age (P<0.001): 90.2 nmol/L in the group aged 0-18 months; 56.7 nmol/L in the group aged 18 months to 5 years; 49.05 nmol/L in the group aged 5-10 years; and 42.45 nmol/L in the group aged 10-15 years. This corresponds to an increase in the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in children aged 5-10 years (51.6% vs. 8.8% in the group aged 0-18 months, P<0.001). For children aged 5-10 years, the prevalence of deficiency was greater in the non-supplementation group (75%) compared with the supplementation group (13%; P<0.001). This study demonstrates the high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in children aged 5-10 years and the relationship between supplementation and vitamin D status. It provides an argument in favor of supplementation in children aged 5-10 years in this region and a reconsideration of the French recommendations.
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-01258849
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 19, 2016 - 3:24:21 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 11, 2019 - 12:08:26 PM

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C Beuzit, M-C l'Hour, S Roudaut, M Gouillou, C Metz, et al.. Prévalence du déficit en vitamine D chez les enfants âgés de 5 a 10 ans en Bretagne Occidentale.. Archives de Pédiatrie, Elsevier, 2015, 22 (11), pp.1112-8. ⟨10.1016/j.arcped.2015.08.013⟩. ⟨hal-01258849⟩

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