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Le voile du sacrifiant à Rome sur les reliefs romains : une norme ?

Valérie Huet 1 
1 CRBC Brest - Centre de recherche bretonne et celtique
UBO - Université de Brest, IBSHS - Institut Brestois des Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société
Abstract : Within Roman religion, according to the written data (literature and epigraphy), there are several manners of sacrificing, among which the Romanus ritus where the sacrificant's head is veiled, uelato capite, and the Graecus ritus which displays a sacrificant aperto capite, that is to say with a naked head. If the absence of the veil can sometimes be explained by rites offered to 'foreign' deities such as Isis, it is more difficult to relate it to 'strange' and 'foreign' rites within the context of the Roman army. Indeed, one notices that in the military context, except when it is a sacrifice of the suouetaurilia to Mars, the sacrificant is systematically without a veil, even when he is the emperor, such as Trajan on his column celebrating his campaigns against the Dacians. A rule or a custom must have existed, as nothing can assimilate the unveiled head of a soldier in the image to a 'Greek' ritus. For sure, both ways of sacrificing were coexisting at the same time and in the same space; though they display different ritual prescriptions, they are both Roman.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 11, 2014 - 11:21:50 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, March 27, 2022 - 3:18:29 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-01004306, version 1



Valérie Huet. Le voile du sacrifiant à Rome sur les reliefs romains : une norme ?. F. Gherchanoc, V.Huet. Vêtements antiques. S'habiller, se déshabiller dans les mondes anciens, Errance, pp.47-62, 2012. ⟨hal-01004306⟩



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