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Sea surface temperature modelling in the Sea of Iroise: assessment of boundary conditions

Abstract : The present study investigates the sensitivity of the COupled Hydrodynamical-Ecological model for REgioNal and Shelf seas (COHERENS) to predict sea surface temperature (SST) patterns in the Sea of Iroise (western end of French Brittany) in relation to the spatial and temporal resolutions of open boundary conditions (OBCs). Two sources of daily operational OBCs of temperature are considered, derived from (1) the Mercator Global Ocean and (2) the Iberian Biscay Irish analysis and forecasting systems delivering predictions at spatial resolutions of 1/12° and 1/36°, respectively. Coastal model performance is evaluated by comparing SST predictions with recently available field data collected (1) along the route of a vessel travelling between the coast and the isle of Ushant and (2) at two offshore stations. The comparison is extended to SST spatial distribution derived from remote-sensing observations. The influence of OBC spatial resolution is exhibited in the north-eastern area of the Sea of Iroise in relation to the intrusion of cold surface waters. OBC temporal resolution is found to have a lower impact advocating for the implementation of climatological temperature forcings to predict major SST patterns in the Sea of Iroise.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 17, 2013 - 9:49:40 AM
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Nicolas Guillou, Georges Chapalain, Eric Duvieilbourg. Sea surface temperature modelling in the Sea of Iroise: assessment of boundary conditions. Ocean Dynamics, Springer Verlag, 2013, 63 (7), pp.849-863. ⟨10.1007/s10236-013-0627-z⟩. ⟨hal-00845421⟩



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