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CO2 generation by calcified invertebrates along rocky shores of Brittany, France

Abstract : Many autochthonous and alien macroinvertebrates of the intertidal zone are biocalcifiers, and the present study proposes a first assessment of their calcimass and their annual calcium carbonate (CaCO3) production at a regional scale, along 500 km of the coastline of Brittany, France, which represents a wide range of the rocky-shore habitats commonly encountered in the north-eastern Atlantic region. All sites considered together gave a mean calcimass estimate of 5327 g m-2. The corresponding mean CaCO3 gross production was 2584 g m-2 year-1. The net production (including dissolution) by biocalcification was 2384 g CaCO3 m-2 year-1. Estimations of CO2 production via both calcification and respiration were carried out in particular for the phylum Mollusca and for crustacean barnacles, dominating in terms of calcimass. Mean CO2 production obtained by summing CO2 fluxes related to net CaCO3 production and respiration for all sampled sites was 22.9 mol m-2 year-1. These results illustrate the significance of CO2 production during biogenic CaCO3 precipitation of intertidal invertebrates in such temperate coastal environment compared with tropical zones and the contribution of the shelves to the global CaCO3 budget.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 23, 2013 - 1:45:28 PM
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Christian Hily, Jacques Grall, Laurent Chauvaud, Morgane Lejart, Jacques Clavier. CO2 generation by calcified invertebrates along rocky shores of Brittany, France. Marine and Freshwater Research, 2013, 64 (2), pp.91-101. ⟨10.1071/MF12146M⟩. ⟨hal-00816968⟩



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