Influence of omeprazole on the antiplatelet action of clopidogrel associated with aspirin: the randomized, double-blind OCLA (Omeprazole CLopidogrel Aspirin) study.

Abstract : OBJECTIVES: This trial sought to assess the influence of omeprazole on clopidogrel efficacy. BACKGROUND: Clopidogrel has proved its benefit in the treatment of atherothrombotic diseases. In a previous observational study, we found clopidogrel activity on platelets, tested by vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) phosphorylation, to be diminished in patients receiving proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment. METHODS: In this double-blind placebo-controlled trial, all consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery stent implantation received aspirin (75 mg/day) and clopidogrel (loading dose, followed by 75 mg/day) and were randomized to receive either associated omeprazole (20 mg/day) or placebo for 7 days. Clopidogrel effect was tested on days 1 and 7 in both groups by measuring platelet phosphorylated-VASP expressed as a platelet reactivity index (PRI). Our main end point compared PRI value at the 7-day treatment period in the 2 groups. RESULTS: Data for 124 patients were analyzed. On day 1, mean PRI was 83.2% (standard deviation [SD] 5.6) and 83.9% (SD 4.6), respectively, in the placebo and omeprazole groups (p = NS), and on day 7, 39.8% (SD 15.4) and 51.4% (SD 16.4), respectively (p < 0.0001). RESULTS: Omeprazole significantly decreased clopidogrel inhibitory effect on platelet P2Y12 as assessed by VASP phosphorylation test. Aspirin-clopidogrel antiplatelet dual therapy is widely prescribed worldwide, with PPIs frequently associated to prevent gastrointestinal bleeding. The clinical impact of these results remains uncertain but merits further investigation.
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Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Elsevier, 2008, 51 (3), pp.256-60. 〈10.1016/j.jacc.2007.06.064〉
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Soumis le : vendredi 30 mars 2012 - 16:26:32
Dernière modification le : mercredi 10 janvier 2018 - 14:42:02

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Martine Gilard, Bertrand Arnaud, Jean-Christophe Cornily, Grégoire Le Gal, Karine Lacut, et al.. Influence of omeprazole on the antiplatelet action of clopidogrel associated with aspirin: the randomized, double-blind OCLA (Omeprazole CLopidogrel Aspirin) study.. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Elsevier, 2008, 51 (3), pp.256-60. 〈10.1016/j.jacc.2007.06.064〉. 〈hal-00684145〉

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