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Gene expression patterns of abalone, Haliotis tuberculata, during successive infections by the pathogen Vibrio harveyi

Abstract : Since 1998, episodic mass mortality of the abalone Haliotis tuberculata has been observed along the northern Brittany coast of France caused by a complex interaction among the host, pathogen and environmental factors. In the present study, abalone were submitted to two successive infections with the pathogen Vibrio harveyi under controlled conditions. During the first challenge, infection by V.harveyi resulted in 64% mortality of mature abalone. After a second infection of those surviving the first challenge, only 44% mortality was observed. Physiological variability in the host response appears to be a major determinant in susceptibility to V.harveyi. In order to isolate differentially expressed genes in H.tuberculata challenged with this bacterium, suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) cDNA libraries were constructed from muscle of moribund abalone (susceptibles), surviving individuals (apparently resistant to the bacterium) and control (unexposed) animals. Of the 1152 clones sequenced, 218 different partial cDNA sequences were obtained and represented 69 known genes. Of these, 65 were identified for the first time in H.tuberculata. Using real-time PCR, a time-course study was conducted on 19 of the genes identified by SSH. A majority of differentially expressed transcripts were down-regulated in susceptible individuals as compared to their resistant counterparts. Bacterial challenge of abalone resulted in the up-regulation of three transcripts (encoding ferritin, heat shock protein HSP84 and fatty acid binding protein FABP) in those that survived exposure to V.harveyi. This study has identified potential candidates for further investigation into the functional basis of resistance and susceptibility to summer vibriosis outbreaks in abalone.
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Contributor : Catherine Bertignac Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, December 15, 2011 - 10:19:37 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 28, 2022 - 3:36:09 PM



Marie-Agnès Travers, Anne-Leila Meistertzheim, Marion Cardinaud, Carolyn S. Friedman, Sylvain Huchette, et al.. Gene expression patterns of abalone, Haliotis tuberculata, during successive infections by the pathogen Vibrio harveyi. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 2010, 105 (3), pp.289-297. ⟨10.1016/j.jip.2010.08.001⟩. ⟨hal-00652226⟩



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