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Food web structure of two Mediterranean lagoons under varying degree of eutrophication

Abstract : The food web structure and functioning of two north-western Mediterranean lagoons exhibiting contrasting degrees of eutrophication and marine influences were compared through delta C-13 and delta N-15 analysis of major potential food sources and consumers. The Lapalme Lagoon is well preserved and has kept a natural and temporary connection with the open sea. Conversely, the Canet Lagoon is heavily eutrophicated and its water exchange with the open sea has been artificially reduced. In Lapalme, all potential food sources and consumers exhibited delta N-15 values indicative of pristine coastal areas. Suspended particulate organic matter (POM) and sediment organic matter (SOM) pools seemed to constitute the main food sources of most primary consumers. Both primary producers and all consumers were much more N-15-enriched (by similar to 10 parts per thousand) and more C-13-depleted in Canet than in Lapalme. This reflected: (1) the assimilation of important amounts of anthropogenic nitrogen in the food web, and (2) a marked and uniform influence of C-13-depleted allochtonous sources of carbon. Based on the mean delta N-15 of primary consumers, we found rather similar food web lengths in both lagoons with top consumers at trophic levels 3.6 and 4.0 in Canet and Lapalme, respectively. However, the eutrophication of the Canet Lagoon resulted in a simplification of the food web structure (i.e., a single trophic pathway from a N-15-enriched fraction of the SOM pool to top predators) compared to what was observed in Lapalme Lagoon where additional C-13-enriched food sources played a significant trophic role. Moreover, some consumers of Canet tended to exploit primary producers to a larger extent (and thus to exhibit lower trophic levels) than in Lapalme
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-00485298
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 20, 2010 - 2:40:26 PM
Last modification on : Monday, August 31, 2020 - 5:42:03 PM

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Antoine Carlier, Pascal Riera, J.-M. Amouroux, Jean-Yves Bodiou, Martin Desmalades, et al.. Food web structure of two Mediterranean lagoons under varying degree of eutrophication. Journal of Sea Research, Elsevier, 2008, 60 (4), pp.287-298. ⟨10.1016/j.seares.2008.10.006⟩. ⟨hal-00485298⟩

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