Applications semi-conformes et solitons de Ricci

Abstract : In this work, we primarily study semiconformal mappings and their influence in the resolution of important geometric equations, such as those for a Ricci soliton and those for a biharmonic maps. In the first part of this thesis, we exploit an ansatz for the construction of semi-conformal mappings from a differential equation in a function of two variables. We characterize real-analytic solutions.Among the resulting explicit solutions, we find the first known example of an entire semi-conformal mapping into the plane which is not harmonic. In the second part, we study Ricci solitons.We are particularly interested in 3-dimensional Ricci solitons, as they can be described at least locally, in terms of a semi-conformal map. We develop a construction method of solitons from biconformal deformations, particularly adapted to the study of the structure unicity. Finally, we introduce a new notion of generalized harmonic morphism, which, as the name suggests, contain the harmonic morphisms as a special case. These mappings have an elegant characterization which enables the construction of explicit examples, as well as impacting on the theory of biharmonic mappings.
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Elsa Ghandour. Applications semi-conformes et solitons de Ricci. Catégories et ensembles [math.CT]. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018BRES0039⟩. ⟨tel-01890945⟩

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