Mycosporine-like Amino Acids in Palmaria palmata (Rhodophyta): Specific Implication of Usujirene in Photoprotection - Université de Bretagne Occidentale Access content directly
Journal Articles Marine drugs Year : 2024

Mycosporine-like Amino Acids in Palmaria palmata (Rhodophyta): Specific Implication of Usujirene in Photoprotection

Abstract

The effect of UV radiation on the accumulation of mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) and pigments was investigated on red macroalga Palmaria palmata cultivated for 21 days. The data were combined with the effect of NaNO3 to further investigate the synthesis of these nitrogenous compounds. A progressive decrease in both total MAA and pigment contents was observed, with a positive effect of nitrate supply. Usujirene was the only MAA exhibiting a significantly increasing content when exposed to UV radiation, changing from 9% to 24% of the total MAA’s contribution, with no variation observed with NaNO3. This suggests a specific induction or synthesis pathway of usujirene for photoprotection, while the synthesis of other MAAs could have been limited by an insufficient amount of UV radiation and/or irradiance. The photoprotective ability of some MAAs could have been impacted by nitrogen starvation over time, resulting in a limited synthesis and/or potential use of MAAs as a nitrogen source for red macroalgae. The data confirmed the multiple effects of environmental factors on the synthesis of MAAs while providing new insights into the specific synthesis of usujirene, which could find an application in the cosmetics sector as natural sunscreen or an anti-ageing agent.
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hal-04533627 , version 1 (11-04-2024)

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Fanny Lalegerie, Valérie Stiger-Pouvreau, Solène Connan. Mycosporine-like Amino Acids in Palmaria palmata (Rhodophyta): Specific Implication of Usujirene in Photoprotection. Marine drugs, 2024, 22 (3), pp.121. ⟨10.3390/md22030121⟩. ⟨hal-04533627⟩
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