Coordinated gene expression during gilthead sea bream skeletogenesis and its disruption by nutritional hypervitaminosis A - Université de Bretagne Occidentale Access content directly
Journal Articles BMC Developmental Biology Year : 2011

Coordinated gene expression during gilthead sea bream skeletogenesis and its disruption by nutritional hypervitaminosis A

Abstract

Abstract Background Vitamin A (VA) has a key role in vertebrate morphogenesis, determining body patterning and growth through the control of cell proliferation and differentiation processes. VA regulates primary molecular pathways of those processes by the binding of its active metabolite (retinoic acid) to two types of specific nuclear receptors: retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and retinoid X receptors (RXRs), which promote transcription of downstream target genes. This process is well known in most of higher vertebrates; however, scarce information is available regarding fishes. Therefore, in order to gain further knowledge of fish larval development and its disruption by nutritional VA imbalance, the relative expression of some RARs and RXRs , as well as several genes involved in morpho- and skeletogenesis such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors ( PPARA , PPARB and PPARG ); retinol-binding protein ( RBP ); insulin-like growth factors I and II ( IGF1 and IGF2 , respectively); bone morphogenetic protein 2 ( Bmp2 ); transforming growth factor β-1 ( TGFB1 ); and genes encoding different extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins such as matrix Gla protein ( mgp ), osteocalcin ( bglap ), osteopontin ( SPP1 ), secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine ( SPARC ) and type I collagen α1 chain ( COL1A1 ) have been studied in gilthead sea bream. Results During gilthead sea bream larval development, specific expression profiles for each gene were tightly regulated during fish morphogenesis and correlated with specific morphogenetic events and tissue development. Dietary hypervitaminosis A during early larval development disrupted the normal gene expression profile for genes involved in RA signalling ( RARA ), VA homeostasis ( RBP ) and several genes encoding ECM proteins that are linked to skeletogenesis, such as bglap and mgp . Conclusions Present data reflects the specific gene expression patterns of several genes involved in larval fish RA signalling and skeletogenesis; and how specific gene disruption induced by a nutritional VA imbalance underlie the skeletal deformities. Our results are of basic interest for fish VA signalling and point out some of the potential molecular players involved in fish skeletogenesis. Increased incidences of skeletal deformities in gilthead sea bream fed with hypervitaminosis A were the likely ultimate consequence of specific gene expression disruption at critical development stages.

Dates and versions

hal-04482061 , version 1 (28-02-2024)

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Ignacio Fernández, Maria J. Darias, Karl Andree, David Mazurais, Jose-Luis Zambonino-Infante, et al.. Coordinated gene expression during gilthead sea bream skeletogenesis and its disruption by nutritional hypervitaminosis A. BMC Developmental Biology, 2011, 11 (1), pp.7. ⟨10.1186/1471-213X-11-7⟩. ⟨hal-04482061⟩
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