Fish gut and skin microbiota dysbiosis induced by exposure to commercial sunscreen formulations - Université de Bretagne Occidentale Access content directly
Journal Articles Aquatic Toxicology Year : 2024

Fish gut and skin microbiota dysbiosis induced by exposure to commercial sunscreen formulations

Abstract

UV filters (organic or mineral) present in sunscreen products are emerging contaminants of coastal aquatic environments. There is an urgent need to understand marine organisms responses to these compounds. In this study, we investigated the effect of exposure to dilutions of commercial sunscreen formulations on bacterial communities of mullet (Chelon sp.). The gut and skin mucus microbial communities were characterized using a metabarcoding approach targeting the 16S rRNA gene. Our results revealed that mullets had its own bacterial communities that differ from their surrounding habitats and specific to tissue. The dilutions of commercial sunscreens modified the relative abundance of Actinobacteroita, Bacteriodota and Proteobacteria for both gut and skin microbiota. They also allowed to bacteria affiliated to Mycobacterium, Nocardia and Tenacibaculum genera, known to house pathogenic species, to colonize the epithelium which may have implications for fish host health.
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Dates and versions

hal-04417025 , version 1 (25-01-2024)

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Laure Bellec, Thomas Milinkovitch, Emmanuel Dubillot, Éric Pante, Damien Tran, et al.. Fish gut and skin microbiota dysbiosis induced by exposure to commercial sunscreen formulations. Aquatic Toxicology, 2024, 266, pp.106799. ⟨10.1016/j.aquatox.2023.106799⟩. ⟨hal-04417025⟩
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