Comparative study of domoic acid accumulation, isomer content and associated digestive subcellular processes in five marine invertebrate species - Université de Bretagne Occidentale Access content directly
Journal Articles Aquatic Toxicology Year : 2024

Comparative study of domoic acid accumulation, isomer content and associated digestive subcellular processes in five marine invertebrate species

Abstract

Despite the deleterious effects of the phycotoxin domoic acid (DA) on human health, and the permanent threat of blooms of the toxic Pseudo-nitzschia sp. over commercially important fishery-resources, knowledge regarding the physiological mechanisms behind the profound differences in accumulation and depuration of this toxin in contaminated invertebrates remain very scarce. In this work, a comparative analysis of accumulation, isomer content, and subcellular localization of DA in different invertebrate species was performed. Samples of scallops Pecten maximus and Aequipecten opercularis, clams Donax trunculus, slippersnails Crepidula fornicata, and seasquirts Asterocarpa sp. were collected after blooms of the same concentration of toxic Pseudo-nitzschia australis. Differences (P <0.05) in DA accumulation were found, wherein P. maximus showed up to 20-fold more DA in the digestive gland than the other species. Similar profiles of DA isomers were found between P. maximus and A. opercularis, whereas C. fornicata was the species with the highest biotransformation rate (~10%) and D. trunculus the lowest (~4%). DA localization by immunohistochemical analysis revealed differences (P <0.05) between species: in P. maximus, DA was detected mainly within autophagosome-like vesicles in the cytoplasm of digestive cells, while in A. opercularis and C. fornicata significant DA immunoreactivity was found in post-autophagy residual bodies. A slight DA staining was found free within the cytoplasm of the digestive cells of D. trunculus and Asterocarpa sp. The Principal Component Analysis revealed similarities between pectinids, and a clear distinction of the rest of the species based on their capacities to accumulate, biotransform, and distribute the toxin within their tissues. These findings contribute to improve the understanding of the inter-specific differences concerning the contamination-decontamination kinetics and the fate of DA in invertebrate species.
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Dates and versions

hal-04347002 , version 1 (15-12-2023)

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José Luis García-Corona, Hélène Hegaret, Malwenn Lassudrie, Amélie Derrien, Aouregan Terre-Terrillon, et al.. Comparative study of domoic acid accumulation, isomer content and associated digestive subcellular processes in five marine invertebrate species. Aquatic Toxicology, 2024, 266, pp.106793. ⟨10.1016/j.aquatox.2023.106793⟩. ⟨hal-04347002⟩
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