Kinetics of metal and metalloid concentrations in holopelagic Sargassum reaching coastal environments - Université de Bretagne Occidentale Access content directly
Journal Articles Environmental Science and Pollution Research Year : 2023

Kinetics of metal and metalloid concentrations in holopelagic Sargassum reaching coastal environments

Abstract

Since 2011, the Caribbean Islands have experienced unprecedented stranding of a pelagic brown macroalgae Sargassum inducing damages for coastal ecosystems and economy. This study measures the kinetics of metal trace elements (MTE) in Sargassum reaching different coastal environments. In July 2021, over a period of 25 days, fixed experimental floating cages containing the three Sargassum morphotypes (S. fluitans III and S. natans I and VIII) were placed in three different coastal habitats (coral reef, seagrass, and mangrove) in Guadeloupe (French West Indies). Evolution of biomasses and their total phenolic content of Sargassum reveals that environmental conditions of caging were stressful and end up to the death of algae. Concentrations of 19 metal(loid) trace elements were analyzed and three shapes of kinetics were identified with the MTE that either concentrate, depurate, or remains stable. In the mangrove, evolution of MTE was more rapid than the two other habitats a decrease of the As between 70 and 50 mu g g(-1) in the mangrove. Sargassum natans I presented a different metal composition than the two other morphotypes, with higher contents of As and Zn. All Sargassum morphotype are rapidly releasing the metal(oid)s arsenic (As) when they arrive in studied coastal habitats. In order to avoid the transfer of As from Sargassum to coastal environments, Sargassum stranding should be avoided and their valorization must take into account their As contents.

Domains

Ecotoxicology
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Dates and versions

hal-04329236 , version 1 (07-12-2023)

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Océanne-Amaya Cipolloni, Magalie Baudrimont, Benoît Simon-Bouhet, Émilie Pauline Dassié, Julien Gigault, et al.. Kinetics of metal and metalloid concentrations in holopelagic Sargassum reaching coastal environments. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2023, 30 (47), pp.104779-104790. ⟨10.1007/s11356-023-29782-1⟩. ⟨hal-04329236⟩
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