A core of functional complementary bacteria infects oysters in Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome - Université de Bretagne Occidentale Access content directly
Journal Articles Animal Microbiome Year : 2023

A core of functional complementary bacteria infects oysters in Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome

Xing Luo
Annick Jacq

Abstract

Background The Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas is one of the main cultivated invertebrate species worldwide. Since 2008, oyster juveniles have been confronted with a lethal syndrome known as the Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome (POMS). POMS is a polymicrobial disease initiated by a primary infection with the herpesvirus OsHV-1 µVar that creates an oyster immunocompromised state and evolves towards a secondary fatal bacteremia. Results In the present article, we describe the implementation of an unprecedented combination of metabarcoding and metatranscriptomic approaches to show that the sequence of events in POMS pathogenesis is conserved across infectious environments. We also identified a core bacterial consortium which, together with OsHV-1 µVar, forms the POMS pathobiota. This bacterial consortium is characterized by high transcriptional activities and complementary metabolic functions to exploit host's resources. A significant metabolic specificity was highlighted at the bacterial genus level, suggesting low competition for nutrients between members of the core bacteria. Conclusions Lack of metabolic competition between the core bacteria might favor complementary colonization of host tissues and contribute to the conservation of the POMS pathobiota across distinct infectious environments.
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Dates and versions

hal-04107637 , version 1 (26-05-2023)

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Camille Clerissi, Xing Luo, Aude Lucasson, Shogofa Mortaza, Julien de Lorgeril, et al.. A core of functional complementary bacteria infects oysters in Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome. Animal Microbiome, 2023, 5, ⟨10.1186/s42523-023-00246-8⟩. ⟨hal-04107637⟩
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