Morphological and functional characterization of the oyster Crassostrea gasar circulating hemocytes: Cell types and phagocytosis activity - Université de Bretagne Occidentale Access content directly
Journal Articles Fish and Shellfish Immunology Reports Year : 2023

Morphological and functional characterization of the oyster Crassostrea gasar circulating hemocytes: Cell types and phagocytosis activity

Abstract

Hemocytes are the circulating cells of the hemolymph of oysters and are responsible for numerous physiological functions, including immune defense. The oyster Crassostrea gasar is a native species inhabiting mangrove habitat and is of great commercial interest, cultured throughout the Brazilian coast, mainly in the north and northeast. Despite its commercial importance, little is known about its immunological aspects and defense cells, the hemocytes. This work aimed to morphologically characterize hemocytes of the oyster C. gasar and to study one of the main cellular defense response, phagocytosis, using light microscopy and flow cytometry. The results showed the presence of six hemocyte populations in C. gasar hemolymph. These comprise of large and small granulocytes, large and small hyalinocytes, blast-like cells and a rare type classified as vesicular or serous hemocytes. Hyalinocytes were highly abundant and the most heterogeneous cell population, while small granulocytes, along with vesicular hemocytes were the less abundant population. Hemocytes of C. gasar oysters demonstrated capabilities to phagocytose three different types of particles tested: zymosan A, latex particles and Escherichia coli, indicating a broad defense capacity. The zymosan A were the most engulfed particles, followed by beads, mainly phagocytized by granulocytes, the most phagocytic cells, and finally E. coli, which were the least phagocytized. This study is the first characterization of C. gasar oyster hemocytes and will support future studies that aim to understand the participation of different hemocyte types in defense responses against pathogens and/or environmental changes.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Freire et al 2023 FSIREP.pdf (956.34 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-04080434 , version 1 (24-04-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Jesarela Merabe Silva Freire, Natanael Dantas Farias, Hélène Hégaret, Patricia Mirella da Silva. Morphological and functional characterization of the oyster Crassostrea gasar circulating hemocytes: Cell types and phagocytosis activity. Fish and Shellfish Immunology Reports, 2023, 4, pp.100089. ⟨10.1016/j.fsirep.2023.100089⟩. ⟨hal-04080434⟩
66 View
17 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More