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Physiological and comparative proteomic analyzes reveal immune defense response of the king scallop Pecten maximus in presence of paralytic shellfish toxin (PST) from Alexandrium minutum

Abstract : The king scallop, Pecten maximus is a highly valuable seafood in Europe. Over the last few years, its culture has been threatened by toxic microalgae during harmful algal blooms, inducing public health concerns. Indeed, phycotoxins accumulated in bivalves can be harmful for human, especially paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) synthesized by the microalgae Alexandrium minutum. Deleterious effects of these toxic algae on bivalves have also been reported. However, its impact on bivalves such as king scallop is far from being completely understood. This study combined ecophysiological and proteomic analyzes to investigate the early response of juvenile king scallops to a short term exposure to PST producing A. minutum. Our data showed that all along the 2-days exposure to A. minutum, king scallops exhibited transient lower filtration and respiration rates and accumulated PST. Significant inter-individual variability of toxin accumulation potential was observed among individuals. Furthermore, we found that ingestion of toxic algae, correlated to toxin accumulation was driven by two factors: 1/ the time it takes king scallop to recover from filtration inhibition and starts to filtrate again, 2/ the filtration level to which king scallop starts again to filtrate after inhibition. Furthermore, at the end of the 2-day exposure to A. minutum, proteomic analyzes revealed an increase of the killer cell lectin-like receptor B1, involved in adaptative immune response. Proteins involved in detoxification and in metabolism were found in lower amount in A. minutum exposed king scallops. Proteomic data also showed differential accumulation in several structure proteins such as -actin, paramyosin and filamin A, suggesting a remodeling of the mantle tissue when king scallops are subjected to an A. minutum exposure.
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-03723474
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 14, 2022 - 7:33:22 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 20, 2022 - 3:33:16 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, October 17, 2022 - 2:55:11 PM

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Yasmine Even, Emilien Pousse, Coraline Chapperon, Sébastien Artigaud, Hélène Hégaret, et al.. Physiological and comparative proteomic analyzes reveal immune defense response of the king scallop Pecten maximus in presence of paralytic shellfish toxin (PST) from Alexandrium minutum. Harmful Algae, 2022, 115, pp.102231. ⟨10.1016/j.hal.2022.102231⟩. ⟨hal-03723474⟩

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