Phidianidine A and Synthetic Analogues as Naturally Inspired Marine Antifoulants - Université de Bretagne Occidentale Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Natural Products Year : 2020

Phidianidine A and Synthetic Analogues as Naturally Inspired Marine Antifoulants

Abstract

Stationary and slow-moving marine organisms regularly employ a natural product chemical defense to prevent being colonized by marine micro- and macroorganisms. While these natural antifoulants can be structurally diverse, they often display highly conserved chemistries and physicochemical properties, suggesting a natural marine antifouling pharmacophore. In our current report, we investigate the marine natural product phidianidine A, which displays several chemical properties found in highly potent marine antifoulants. Phidianidine A and synthetic analogues were screened against the settlement and metamorphosis of Amphibalanus improvisus cyprids, and several of the compounds displayed inhibitory activities at low micromolar concentrations with IC50 values down to 0.7 μg/mL observed. The settlement study highlights that phidianidine A is a potent natural antifoulant and that the scaffold can be tuned to generate simpler and improved synthetic analogues. The bioactivity is closely linked to the size of the compound and to its basicity. The study also illustrates that active analogues can be prepared in the absence of the natural constrained 1,2,4-oxadiazole ring. A synthetic lead analogue of phidianidine A was incorporated in a coating and included in antifouling field trials, where it was shown that the coating induced potent inhibition of marine bacteria and microalgae settlement.

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hal-02987365 , version 1 (24-05-2024)

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Christophe Labriere, Vijayaragavan Elumalai, Jannie Staffansson, Gunnar Cervin, Tiffany Le Norcy, et al.. Phidianidine A and Synthetic Analogues as Naturally Inspired Marine Antifoulants. Journal of Natural Products, 2020, Early view, ⟨10.1021/acs.jnatprod.0c00881⟩. ⟨hal-02987365⟩
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