JAK Inhibitors Suppress Innate Epigenetic Reprogramming: a Promise for Patients with Sjögren’s Syndrome

Abstract : Pathogenesis of primary Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) remains obscure. However, recent data demonstrate the implication of epigenetic alterations in the DNA methylation/hydroxymethylation process in SjS mostly affecting genes regulated by two innate cytokines, interferon α (IFNα) and IFNγ as well as the oxidative stress pathways. The Janus kinase (JAK) signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway is known to be activated by IFN and reactive oxygen species (ROS). This prompts us to test the potential implication of JAK/STAT signaling on DNA methylation/hydroxymethylation alterations in SjS. For this purpose, the human salivary gland (HSG) cell line was used and cells were treated with both types of IFNs and H2O2 to mimic activated salivary gland epithelial cells (SGEC) as observed in SjS patients. Afterwards, the global DNA level of methylcytosine and hydroxymethylcytosine, the expression of the DNA methylating enzymes (DNMTs) and ten-eleven translocation (TETs) methyl cytosine dioxygenase that controls DNA hydroxymethylation, both at transcriptional and at protein level, as well as STAT phosphorylation and ROS status were determined. Our results showed that expression of TET3 and in turn global DNA hydroxymethylation is controlled through the induction of STAT3 mediated by IFNα, IFNγ, and H2O2. On the other hand, treatment with JAK inhibitors (AG490 and ruxolitinib) reverses this process, suggesting a novel treatment pathway for patients with autoimmune diseases and Sjögren's syndrome.
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Journal articles
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-02156287
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Submitted on : Friday, June 14, 2019 - 11:47:37 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 9, 2019 - 4:38:02 PM

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Amandine Charras, Pinelopi Arvaniti, Christelle Le Dantec, Marina Arleevskaya, Kaliopi Zachou, et al.. JAK Inhibitors Suppress Innate Epigenetic Reprogramming: a Promise for Patients with Sjögren’s Syndrome. Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology, Humana Press, 2019, ⟨10.1007/s12016-019-08743-y⟩. ⟨hal-02156287⟩

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