Deletion of CPEB1 Gene: A Rare but Recurrent Cause of Premature Ovarian Insufficiency - Université de Bretagne Occidentale Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism Year : 2016

Deletion of CPEB1 Gene: A Rare but Recurrent Cause of Premature Ovarian Insufficiency

Abstract

Context: Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) may be secondary to chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or environmental factors. Genetic causes are identified in 20-25% of cases, but most POI cases remain idiopathic. Objective: This study aimed to identify new genes involved in POI and to characterize the implication of CPEB1 gene in POI. Design and setting: This was a case report and cohort study replicate conducted in academic medical centers. Patients and methods: A deletion including CPEB1 gene was first identified in a patient with primary amenorrhea. Secondly, 191 sporadic POI cases and 68 familial POI cases were included. For each patient, karyotype was normal and FMR1 premutation was excluded. Search for CPEB1 deletions was performed by quantitative multiplex PCR of short fluorescent fragments or DNA microarray analysis. Gene sequencing of CPEB1 was performed for 95 patients. Results: We identified three patients carrying a microdeletion in band 15q25.2. The proximal breakpoint, for the three patients, falls within a low-copy repeat region disrupting the CPEB1 gene, which represents a strong candidate gene for POI as it is known to be implicated in oocyte meiosis. No mutation was identified by sequencing CPEB1 gene. Therefore, heterozygous deletion of CPEB1 gene leading to haploinsufficiency could be responsible for POI in humans. Conclusion: Microdeletions of CPEB1 were identified in 1.3% of patients with POI, whereas no mutation was identified. This microdeletion is rare but recurrent as it is mediated by nonallelic homologous recombination due to the existence of low-copy repeats in the region. This result demonstrates the importance of DNA microarray analysis in etiological evaluation and counseling of patients with POI.

Dates and versions

hal-02042408 , version 1 (20-02-2019)

Identifiers

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Capucine Hyon, L. Mansour-Hendili, S. Chantot-Bastaraud, Bruno Donadille, V. Kerlan, et al.. Deletion of CPEB1 Gene: A Rare but Recurrent Cause of Premature Ovarian Insufficiency. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2016, 101 (5), pp.2099-2104. ⟨10.1210/jc.2016-1291⟩. ⟨hal-02042408⟩
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