Clinical Outcome, Hormonal Status, Gonadotrope Axis, and Testicular Function in 219 Adult Men Born With Classic 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency. A French National Survey - Université de Bretagne Occidentale Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism Year : 2015

Clinical Outcome, Hormonal Status, Gonadotrope Axis, and Testicular Function in 219 Adult Men Born With Classic 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency. A French National Survey

Peggy Renoult-Pierre
  • Function : Author
Aude Brac de La Perrière
  • Function : Author
Veronique Pascal-Vigneron
  • Function : Author
Frank Schillo
  • Function : Author
Xavier Piguel
  • Function : Author
Bénédicte Decoudier
  • Function : Author
Philippe Emy
  • Function : Author
Laure Raffin-Sanson
  • Function : Author
P. Caron
  • Function : Author
Véronique Tardy-Guidollet
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Context: Outcomes of congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to classic 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD) have been widely studied in children and women, but less so in men. Objective: The objective was to analyze data from a network of metropolitan French teaching hospitals on the clinical outcome of classic 21OHD in a large sample of congenital adrenal hyperplasia/21OHD-genotyped adult men, and particularly the impact of 21OHD on the gonadotrope axis, testicular function, and fertility. Methods: From April 2011 to June 2014, tertiary endocrinology departments provided data for 219 men with 21OHD (ages, 18-70 y; 73.6% salt wasters, 26.4% simple virilizers). Testicular sonography was performed in 164 men, and sperm analysis was performed in 71 men. Results: Mean final height was 7.8 cm lower than in a reference population. Obesity was more common, and mean blood pressure was lower than in the reference population. None of the patients were diabetic, and lipid status was generally normal. Blood electrolyte status was normal in the vast majority of men, despite markedly elevated ACTH and renin levels. Serum progesterone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, and androstenedione levels were above normal in the vast majority of cases. Hormonal profiling variously showed a normal gonadotrope-testicular axis, gonadotropin deficiency, or primary testicular insufficiency. Testicular sonography revealed testicular adrenal rest tumors (TARTs) in 34% of 164 men. Serum inhibin B and FSH levels were significantly lower and higher, respectively, in patients with TARTs. Severe oligospermia or azoospermia was found in 42% of patients and was significantly more prevalent in men with TARTs (70%) than in men with normal testes (3.6%; P < .0001). Among men living with female partners, TARTs were significantly more prevalent in those who had not fathered children. Conclusion: We report the spectrum of testicular/gonadotrope axis impairment in the largest cohort of 21OHD men studied to date. Our results suggest that French men with 21OHD managed in specialized centers frequently have impaired exocrine testicular function but that its reproductive implications are often overlooked.

Dates and versions

hal-02025462 , version 1 (19-02-2019)

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Claire Bouvattier, Laure Esterle, Peggy Renoult-Pierre, Aude Brac de La Perrière, Frédéric Illouz, et al.. Clinical Outcome, Hormonal Status, Gonadotrope Axis, and Testicular Function in 219 Adult Men Born With Classic 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency. A French National Survey. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2015, 100 (6), pp.2303-2313. ⟨10.1210/jc.2014-4124⟩. ⟨hal-02025462⟩
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