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Journal Articles Nature Communications Year : 2017

Two-stage opening of the Dover Strait and the origin of island Britain

Sanjeev Gupta
  • Function : Author
Jenny Collier
  • Function : Author
David Garcia-Moreno
  • Function : Author
Francesca Oggioni
  • Function : Author
Kris Vanneste
  • Function : Author
Marc de Batist
  • Function : Author
Thierry Camelbeeck
  • Function : Author
Graeme Potter
  • Function : Author
Brigitte van Vliet-Lanoë
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 965668
John Arthur

Abstract

Late Quaternary separation of Britain from mainland Europe is considered to be a consequence of spillover of a large proglacial lake in the Southern North Sea basin. Lake spillover is inferred to have caused breaching of a rock ridge at the Dover Strait, although this hypothesis remains untested. Here we show that opening of the Strait involved at least two major episodes of erosion. Sub-bottom records reveal a remarkable set of sediment-infilled depressions that are deeply incised into bedrock that we interpret as giant plunge pools. These support a model of initial erosion of the Dover Strait by lake overspill, plunge pool erosion by waterfalls and subsequent dam breaching. Cross-cutting of these landforms by a prominent bedrock-eroded valley that is characterized by features associated with catastrophic flooding indicates final breaching of the Strait by high-magnitude flows. These events setup conditions for island Britain during sea-level highstands and caused large-scale rerouting of NW European drainage.
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hal-01919351 , version 1 (03-01-2021)

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Sanjeev Gupta, Jenny Collier, David Garcia-Moreno, Francesca Oggioni, Alain Trentesaux, et al.. Two-stage opening of the Dover Strait and the origin of island Britain. Nature Communications, 2017, 8, ⟨10.1038/ncomms15101⟩. ⟨hal-01919351⟩
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