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LiDAR Validation of a Video-Derived Beachface Topography on a Tidal Flat

Abstract : Increasingly used shore-based video stations enable a high spatiotemporal frequency analysis of shoreline migration. Shoreline detection techniques combined with hydrodynamic conditions enable the creation of digital elevation models (DEMs). However, shoreline elevations are often estimated based on nearshore process empirical equations leading to uncertainties in video-based topography. To achieve high DEM correspondence between both techniques, we assessed video-derived DEMs against LiDAR surveys during low energy conditions. A newly installed video system on a tidal flat in the St. Lawrence Estuary, Atlantic Canada, served as a test case. Shorelines were automatically detected from time-averaged (TIMEX) images using color ratios in low energy conditions synchronously with mobile terrestrial LiDAR during two different surveys. Hydrodynamic (waves and tides) data were recorded in-situ, and established two different cases of water elevation models as a basis for shoreline elevations. DEMs were created and tested against LiDAR. Statistical analysis of shoreline elevations and migrations were made, and morphological variability was assessed between both surveys. Results indicate that the best shoreline elevation model includes both the significant wave height and the mean water level. Low energy conditions and in-situ hydrodynamic measurements made it possible to produce video-derived DEMs virtually as accurate as a LiDAR product, and therefore make an effective tool for coastal managers.
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-01919326
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Submitted on : Friday, December 18, 2020 - 10:19:12 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 11, 2021 - 2:24:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, March 19, 2021 - 8:17:43 PM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

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David Didier, Pascal Bernatchez, Emmanuel Augereau, Charles Caulet, Dany Dumont, et al.. LiDAR Validation of a Video-Derived Beachface Topography on a Tidal Flat. Remote Sensing, MDPI, 2017, 9 (8), ⟨10.3390/rs9080826⟩. ⟨hal-01919326⟩

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