J. Aloïsi, H. Got, and A. Monaco, Carte géomorphologique du précontinent languedocien, du Cap Bagur au Cap d'Agde, au 1/250 000 ème, 1973.

C. Arvanitidis, G. Bellan, P. Drakopoulos, V. Valavanis, C. Dounas et al., Seascape biodiversity patterns along the Mediterranean and the Black Sea: lessons from the biogeography of benthic polychaetes, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser, vol.244, pp.139-152, 2002.

S. Ayata, P. Lazure, and É. Thiébaut, How does the connectivity between populations mediate range limits of marine invertebrates? A case study of larval dispersal between the Bay of Biscay and the English Channel, Prog. Oceanogr, vol.87, pp.18-36, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01218854

S. Ayata, R. Stolba, T. Comtet, and É. Thiébaut, Meroplankton distribution and its relationship to coastal mesoscale hydrological structure in the northern Bay of Biscay (NE Atlantic), J. Plankton Res, vol.33, pp.1193-1211, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00854762

G. Bachelet, P. J. Labourg, and I. Madani, Nouvelles signalisations de Mollusques (Prosobranches et Bivalves) dans le Bassin d'Arcachon, Cah Biol Mar, vol.31, pp.87-92, 1990.

G. Bachelet, B. Simon-bouhet, C. Desclaux, P. Garcia-meunier, G. Mairesse et al., Invasion of the eastern Bay of Biscay by the nassariid gastropod Cyclope neritea: origin and effects on resident fauna, Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol.276, pp.147-159, 2004.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01854841

H. Bazairi, S. Ben-haj, F. Boero, D. Cebrian, S. De-juan et al., The Mediterranean Sea Biodiversity: state of the ecosystems, pressures, impacts and future priorities. UNEP--MAP, 2010.

L. Benedetti-cecchi and F. Cinelli, Habitat heterogeneity, sea urchin grazing and the distribution of algae in littoral rock pools on the west coast of Italy (western Mediterranean), Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser, vol.126, pp.203-212, 1995.

C. N. Bianchi and C. Morri, Marine biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: situation, problems and prospects for future research, Mar. Pol. Bul, vol.40, pp.367-376, 2000.

H. Blanchet, B. Gouillieux, S. Alizier, J. Amouroux, G. Bachelet et al., Multiscale patterns in the diversity and organization of benthic intertidal fauna among French Atlantic estuaries, J. Sea Res, vol.90, pp.95-110, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00992687

P. Bonifácio, S. Bourgeois, C. Labrune, J. M. Amouroux, K. Escoubeyrou et al., Spatiotemporal changes in surface sediment characteristics and benthic macrofauna composition off the Rhône River in relation to its hydrological regime, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, vol.151, pp.196-209, 2014.

E. Bonsdorff, Zoobenthic diversity-gradients in the Baltic Sea: continuous post-glacial succession in a stressed ecosystem, J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol, vol.330, pp.383-391, 2006.

F. Bourrin and X. Durrieu-de-madron, Contribution to the study of coastal rivers and associated prodeltas to sediment supply in the Gulf of Lions, Vie Milieu, vol.56, pp.307-314, 2006.

. A-c-c-e-p-t-e-d-m-a-n-u-s-c-r-i-p-t-24,

K. E. Boyer, J. S. Kertesz, and J. F. Bruno, Biodiversity effects on productivity and stability of marine macroalgal communities: the role of environmental context, Oikos, vol.118, pp.1062-1072, 2009.

U. Brose, N. D. Martinez, and R. J. Williams, Estimating species richness: sensitivity to sample coverage and insensitivity to spatial patterns, Ecology, vol.84, pp.2364-2377, 2003.

K. P. Burnham and W. S. Overton, Estimation of the size of a closed population when capture probabilities vary among animals, Biometrika, vol.65, pp.625-633, 1978.

K. P. Burnham and W. S. Overton, Robust estimation of population size when capture probabilities vary among animals, Ecology, vol.60, pp.927-936, 1979.

L. Cabioch, Contribution à la connaissance des peuplements benthiques de la Manche occidentale, Cah. Biol. Mar, vol.9, pp.492-720, 1968.

L. Cabioch, F. Gentil, R. Glaçon, and C. Retière, Le macrobenthos des fonds meubles de la Manche : distribution générale et écologie, Biology of Benthic Organisms. Proc. 11 th European Marine Biology Symposium, pp.115-128, 1976.

P. Cabral, H. Levrel, J. Schoenn, E. Thiébaut, P. Le-mao et al., Marine habitats ecosystem service potential: A vulnerability approach in the Normand, Ecosystem Services, vol.16, pp.306-318, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01305590

A. Chao, Estimating the population size for capture-recapture data with unequal catchability, Biometrics, vol.43, pp.783-791, 1987.

C. Chassé, M. Glémarec, J. Guillou, and C. Hily, Répartition des biomasses de la macrofaune endogée des sédiments meubles du golfe de Gascogne (nord et centre), J. Rech. Océanogr, vol.4, pp.3-9, 1978.

C. Chaudhary, H. Saeedi, and M. J. Costello, Bimodality of latitudinal gradients in marine species richness, Trends Ecol. Evol, vol.31, pp.670-676

R. Cimmaruta, P. Bondanelli, and G. Nascetti, Genetic structure and environmental heterogeneity in the European hake (Merluccius merluccius), Mol. Ecol, vol.14, pp.2577-2591, 2005.

A. Clarke and S. Lidgard, Spatial patterns of diversity in the sea: bryozoan species richness in the North Atlantic, J. Anim. Ecol, vol.69, pp.799-814, 2000.

W. Cleveland, E. Grosse, and W. Shyun, Local regression models, Statistical Models in S, vol.8, 1991.

G. Cognetti and F. Maltagliati, Biodiversity and adaptive mechanisms in brackish water fauna, Mar. Pol. Bul, vol.40, pp.7-14, 2000.

M. Coll, C. Piroddi, J. Steenbeek, K. Kaschner, F. Ben-rais-lasram et al., The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: estimates, patterns, and threats, PLoS ONE, vol.5, issue.8, p.11842, 2010.

M. Copertino, S. D. Connell, and A. Cheshire, The prevalence and production of turfforming algae on a temperate subtidal coast, Phycologia, vol.44, pp.241-248, 2005.

R. K. Cowen and S. Sponaugle, Larval dispersal and marine population connectivity, Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci, vol.1, pp.443-466, 2009.

J. A. Crame, Evolution of taxonomic diversity gradients in the marine realm: evidence from the composition of Recent bivalve faunas, Paleobiology, vol.26, pp.188-214, 2000.

J. Dauvin, History of benthic research in the English Channel: From general patterns of communities to habitat mosaic description, J. Sea Res, vol.100, pp.32-45, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01166150

. A-c-c-e-p-t-e-d-m-a-n-u-s-c-r-i-p-t-25,

J. Dauvin, G. Bachelet, and G. Bellan, Biodiversity and biogeographic relationships of the polychaete fauna in French Atlantic and Mediterranean waters, Sci. Mar. (Barc.), vol.70, issue.3, pp.259-267, 2006.

J. Dauvin and D. Bellan-santini, Biodiversity and the biogeographic relationships of the Amphipoda: Gammaridea on the French coastline, J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U. K, vol.84, pp.621-628, 2004.

J. Dauvin, M. Kendall, G. Paterson, F. Gentil, I. Jirkov et al., An initial assessment of polychaete diversity in the Northeastern Atlantic Ocean, Biodiversity Letters, vol.2, pp.171-181, 1994.

J. Davies, J. M. Baxter, M. C. Bradley, D. Khan, J. Murray et al., Marine Monitoring Handbook. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, 2001.

W. P. Dinter, Biogeography of the OSPAR Maritime Area: a synopsis and synthesis of biogeographical distribution patterns described for the North-East Atlantic. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, 2001.

M. Dornelas, N. J. Gotelli, B. Mcgill, H. Shimadzu, F. Moyes et al., Assemblage Time Series Reveal Biodiversity Change but Not Systematic Loss, Science, vol.344, pp.296-299, 2014.

B. L. Doti, D. Roccatagliata, and J. López-gappa, An inverse latitudinal biodiversity pattern in asellote isopods (Crustacea, Peracarida) from the Southwest Atlantic between 35° and 56°S, Marine Biodiversity, vol.44, pp.115-125, 2014.

X. Durrieu-de-madron, A. Abassi, S. Heussner, A. Monaco, J. C. Aloisi et al., Particulate matter and organic carbon budgets for the Gulf of Lions (NW Mediterranean), Oceanol. Acta, vol.23, pp.717-730, 2000.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01061581

P. C. Dworschak, Global diversity in the Thalassinidea (Decapoda), J. Crustac. Biol, vol.20, issue.5, pp.238-245, 2000.

A. Ehrhold, D. Hamon, and C. Chevalier, Approche sectorielle subtidale : Identification et caractérisation des habitats benthiques du secteur Morlaix, 2011.

A. Ehrhold, D. Hamon, and B. Guillaumont, The REBENT monitoring network, a spatially integrated, acoustic approach to surveying nearshore macrobenthic habitats: application to the Bay of Concarneau (South Brittany, France), ICES J. Mar. Sci.: J. Cons, vol.63, pp.1604-1615, 2006.

K. Ellingsen and J. S. Gray, Spatial patterns of benthic diversity: is there a latitudinal gradient along the Norwegian continental shelf?, J. Anim. Ecol, vol.71, pp.373-389, 2002.

I. Ferro and J. J. Morrone, Biogeographical transition zones: a search for conceptual synthesis, Biol. J. Linn. Soc, vol.113, pp.1-12, 2014.

A. Foveau, N. Desroy, J. C. Dauvin, and J. M. Dewarumez, Distribution patterns in the benthic diversity of the eastern English Channel, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser, vol.479, pp.115-126, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00827513

R. K. Gallon, M. Robuchon, B. Leroy, L. Le-gall, M. Valero et al., Twenty years of observed and predicted changes in subtidal red seaweed assemblages along a biogeographical transition zone: inferring potential causes from environmental data, J. Biogeogr, vol.41, pp.2293-2306, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01137903

I. Galparsoro, D. W. Connor, Á. Borja, A. Aish, P. Amorim et al.,

J. Salomidi, M. Sánchez, F. Serrano, A. Shumchenia, E. Tempera et al., Using EUNIS habitat classification for benthic mapping in European seas: Present concerns and future needs, Mar. Pol. Bul, vol.64, pp.2630-2638, 2012.

M. Glémarec, Bionomie benthique de la partie orientale du golfe du Morbihan, Cah. Biol. Mar, vol.5, pp.33-96, 1964.

M. Glémarec, Les peuplements benthiques du plateau continental nord-Gascogne, Faculté des Sciences, Brest. Faculté des Sciences de Paris, p.167, 1969.

P. Goulletquer, G. Bachelet, P. G. Sauriau, and P. Noel, Open Atlantic coast of Europe -a century of introduced species into French waters, pp.276-290, 2002.

J. Grall and M. Glémarec, Biodiversité des fonds de maerl en Bretagne : approche fonctionnelle et impacts anthropiques, Vie Milieu, vol.47, pp.339-349, 1997.

J. Grall, D. Serre-arnoldy, S. Serre, and N. Quillien, Première signalisation du nudibranche aeolidien Spurilla neapolitana en mer d'Iroise (Bretagne ouest). An aodles cahiers naturalistes de l, Observatoire marin, vol.4, pp.29-33, 2015.

J. S. Gray, The measurement of marine species diversity, with an application to the benthic fauna of the Norwegian continental shelf, J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol, vol.250, pp.23-49, 2000.

J. S. Gray, Species richness of marine soft sediments, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser, vol.244, pp.285-297, 2002.

C. D. Harley, A. Hughes, K. M. Hultgren, B. G. Miner, C. J. Sorte et al., The impacts of climate change in coastal marine systems, Ecology Letters, vol.9, pp.228-241, 2006.

S. J. Hawkins, H. E. Sugden, N. Mieszkowska, P. J. Moore, E. Poloczanska et al., Consequences of climate-driven biodiversity changes for ecosystem functioning of North European rocky shores, Mar Ecol-Prog Ser, vol.396, pp.245-259, 2009.

C. Heip, D. Basford, J. A. Craeymeersch, J. M. Dewarumez, J. Dörjes et al., Trends in biomass, density and diversity of North Sea macrofauna, ICES J. Mar. Sci.: J. Cons, vol.49, pp.13-22, 1992.

H. Hillebrand, Strength, slope and variability of marine latitudinal gradients, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser, vol.273, pp.251-267, 2004.

H. Hinz, E. Capasso, M. Lilley, M. Frost, and S. R. Jenkins, Temporal differences across a biogeographical boundary reveal slow response of sub-littoral benthos to climate change, Mar Ecol-Prog Ser, vol.423, pp.69-82, 2011.

K. Hiscock, A. Southward, I. Tittley, and S. Hawkins, Effects of changing temperature on benthic marine life in Britain and Ireland, Aquat. Conserv.: Mar. Freshwater Ecosystems, vol.14, pp.333-362, 2004.

N. A. Holme, The bottom fauna of the English Channel. Part II, J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U. K, vol.46, pp.401-493, 1966.

J. Hortal, P. A. Borges, and C. Gaspar, Evaluating the performance of species richness estimators: sensitivity to sample grain size, J. Anim. Ecol, vol.75, pp.274-287, 2006.

T. C. Hsieh, K. H. Ma, A. Chao, and . ;-c-c-e-p-t-e-d-m-a-n-u-s-c-r-i-p-t-27, Method Ecol. Evol, 2016.

H. Hummel, P. Van-avesaath, S. Wijnhoven, L. Kleine-schaars, S. Degraer et al., Geographic patterns of biodiversity in European coastal marine benthos, J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U. K, pp.1-17, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02470399

P. Hutchings, Biodiversity and functioning of polychaetes in benthic sediments, Biodivers. Conserv, vol.7, pp.1133-1145, 1998.

G. E. Hutchinson, Homage to Santa Rosalia or why are there so many kinds of animals?, Am. Nat, vol.93, pp.145-159, 1959.

M. T. Jolly, F. Viard, F. Gentil, E. Thiébaut, and D. Jollivet, Comparative phylogeography of two coastal polychaete tubeworms in the Northeast Atlantic supports shared history and vicariant events, Mol. Ecol, vol.15, pp.1841-1855, 2006.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00146209

S. Kark and B. J. Van-rensburg, Ecotones: marginal or central areas of transition?, Isr. J. Ecol. Evol, vol.52, pp.29-53, 2006.

A. P. Kerswell, Global biodiversity patterns of benthic marine algae, Ecology, vol.87, pp.2479-2488, 2006.

B. P. Kinlan and S. D. Gaines, Propagule dispersal in marine and terrestrial environments: a community perspective, Ecology, vol.84, pp.2007-2020, 2003.

G. Knox, Essays on polychaetous annelids : in memory of Dr. Olga Hartman, pp.547-604, 1977.

C. Labrune, A. Grémare, J. Amouroux, R. Sardá, J. Gil et al., Structure and diversity of shallow soft-bottom benthic macrofauna in the Gulf of Lions, Helgol. Mar. Res, vol.62, pp.201-214, 2008.

L. Duff, M. Gral, and J. , Les espèces de mollusques en limite nord de répartition à la pointe de Bretagne I. Ranella olearium (Linnaeus, 1758). An aod -les cahiers naturalistes de l, Observatoire marin, vol.1, pp.9-13, 2012.

L. Loc'h, F. Hily, C. Grall, and J. , Benthic community and food web structure on the continental shelf of the Bay of Biscay (North Eastern Atlantic) revealed by stable isotopes analysis, J. Mar. Syst, vol.72, pp.17-34, 2008.

S. Lee and A. Chao, Estimating population size via sample coverage for closed capture-recapture models, Biometrics, vol.50, pp.88-97, 1994.

L. A. Levin, R. J. Etter, M. A. Rex, A. J. Gooday, C. R. Smith et al., Environmental influences on regional deep-sea species diversity, Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst, vol.32, pp.51-93, 2001.

A. Lourido, J. Moreira, and J. S. Troncoso, Assemblages of peracarid crustaceans in subtidal sediments from the Ría de Aldán, Helgol. Mar. Res, vol.62, pp.289-301, 2008.

E. Macpherson, Large-scale species-richness gradients in the Atlantic Ocean, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci, vol.269, p.1715, 2002.

V. Marchais, G. Schaal, J. Grall, A. Lorrain, C. Nerot et al., Spatial variability of stable isotope ratios in oysters (Crassostrea gigas) and primary, Estuaries and Coasts, vol.36, pp.808-819, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00832092

M. A. Mcarthur, B. P. Brooke, R. Przeslawski, D. A. Ryan, V. L. Lucieer et al., On the use of abiotic surrogates to describe marine benthic biodiversity, Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci, vol.88, pp.21-32, 2010.

N. Mieszkowska, S. J. Hawkins, M. T. Burrows, and M. A. Kendall, Long-term changes in the geographic distribution and population structures of Osilinus lineatus (Gastropoda :Trochidae) in Britain and Ireland, J Mar Biol Assoc UK, vol.87, pp.537-545, 2007.

R. J. Miller, D. C. Reed, and M. A. Brzezinski, Community structure and productivity of subtidal turf and foliose algal assemblages, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser, vol.388, pp.1-11, 2009.

C. Millot, Circulation in the Western Mediterranean Sea, J. Mar. Syst, vol.20, pp.423-442, 1999.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00465628

J. J. Morrone, Panbiogeografía, componentes bióticos y zonas de transición, Rev. Bras. Entomol, vol.48, pp.149-162, 2004.

B. E. Narayanaswamy, P. E. Renaud, G. C. Duineveld, J. Berge, M. S. Lavaleye et al., Biodiversity trends along the Western European margin, PLoS ONE, vol.5, 2010.

A. L. Nunes, S. Katsanevakis, A. Zenetos, and A. C. Cardoso, Gateways to alien invasions in the European seas, Aquat. Invasions, vol.9, pp.133-144, 2014.

A. Occhipinti-ambrogi, Global change and marine communities: Alien species and climate change, Marine Bioinvasions: A collection of reviews, vol.55, pp.342-352, 2007.

J. D. Olden and T. P. Rooney, On defining and quantifying biotic homogenization, Globa Ecology and Biogeography, vol.15, pp.113-120, 2006.

J. Oksanen, F. G. Blanchet, M. Friendly, R. Kindt, P. Legendre et al., , 2015.

J. Ooms, D. James, S. Debroy, H. Wickham, and J. Horner, , 2016.

J. Pérès, The Mediterranean benthos. Oceanogr, Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev, vol.5, pp.449-533, 1967.

J. Pezy and J. Dauvin, Extension of the geographical distribution of the crab Asthenognathus atlanticus Monod, 1932.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01696109

C. J. Philippart, H. M. Van-aken, J. J. Beukema, O. G. Bos, G. C. Cadée et al., Climate-related changes in recruitment of the bivalve Macoma balthica, Limnol. Oceanogr, vol.48, pp.2171-2185, 2003.

R. D. Pingree, G. T. Mardell, P. M. Holligan, D. K. Griffiths, and J. Smithers, Celtic Sea and Armorican current structure and the vertical distributions of temperature and chlorophyll, Cont. Shelf Res, vol.1, pp.99-116, 1982.

M. L. Pinsky, B. Worm, M. J. Fogarty, J. L. Sarmiento, and S. A. Levin, Marine Taxa Track Local Climate Velocities, Science, vol.341, pp.1239-1242, 2013.

E. S. Poloczanska, C. J. Brown, W. J. Sydeman, W. Kiessling, D. S. Schoeman et al., Global imprint of climate change on marine life, Nat Clim Chang, vol.3, pp.919-925, 2013.

. A-c-c-e-p-t-e-d-m-a-n-u-s-c-r-i-p-t-29,

E. Prato and F. Biandolino, Amphipod biodiversity of shallow water in the Taranto seas (north-western Ionian Sea), J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U. K, vol.85, pp.333-338, 2005.

N. Quillien, V. Le-garrec, and J. Grall, Nouvelles données sur la limite de distribution septentrionale d'Onuphis eremita (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) An aod -les cahiers naturalistes de l'Observatoire marin 1, pp.15-19, 2012.

. R-core-team, R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, 2015.

H. L. Rees, M. A. Pendle, R. Waldock, D. S. Limpenny, and S. E. Boyd, A comparison of benthic biodiversity in the North Sea, English Channel, and Celtic Seas, ICES J. Mar. Sci, vol.56, pp.228-246, 1999.

C. Retière, Contribution à la connaissance des peuplements benthiques du glofe normanno-breton, Université Rennes, vol.1, p.431, 1979.

M. A. Rex, C. T. Stuart, R. R. Hessler, J. A. Allen, H. L. Sanders et al., Global-scale latitudinal patterns of species diversity in the deep-sea benthos, Nature, vol.365, pp.636-639, 1993.

K. Roy, D. Jablonski, and J. W. Valentine, Dissecting latitudinal diversity gradients: functional groups and clades of marine bivalves, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci, vol.267, p.293, 2000.

K. Roy, D. Jablonski, J. W. Valentine, and G. Rosenberg, Marine latitudinal diversity gradients: Tests of causal hypotheses, PNAS, vol.95, pp.3699-3702, 1998.

H. L. Sanders, Marine benthic diversity: a comparative study, Am. Nat, vol.102, pp.243-282, 1968.

B. Santelices, J. J. Bolton, and I. Meneses, Marine algal communities, Marine macroecology, pp.153-192, 2009.

G. Schaal, P. Riera, and C. Leroux, Trophic coupling between two adjacent benthic food webs within a man-made intertidal area: a stable isotopes evidence, Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci, vol.77, pp.523-534, 2008.

A. Soko?owski, M. Wo?owicz, H. Asmus, R. Asmus, A. Carlier et al., Is benthic food web structure related to diversity of marine macrobenthic communities?, Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci, vol.108, pp.76-86, 2012.

M. D. Spalding, H. E. Fox, G. R. Allen, N. Davidson, Z. A. Ferdaña et al., Marine ecoregions of the world: A bioregionalization of coastal and shelf areas, BioScience, vol.57, pp.573-583, 2007.

A. H. Stride, Sediment transport by the North Sea, North Sea Science, pp.101-130, 1973.

J. Terborgh, On the notion of favorableness in plant ecology, Am. Nat, vol.107, pp.481-501, 1973.

S. M. Thomaz and E. R. Da-cunha, The role of macrophytes in habitat structuring in aquatic ecosystems: methods of measurement, causes and consequences on animal assemblages' composition and biodiversity, Acta Limnol. Bras, vol.22, pp.218-236, 2010.

M. S. Thomsen and K. Mcglathery, Facilitation of macroalgae by the sedimentary tube forming polychaete Diopatra cuprea, Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci, vol.62, pp.63-73, 2005.

A. C. Tyler, K. J. Mcglathery, and I. C. Anderson, Macroalgae mediation of dissolved organic nitrogen fluxes in a temperate coastal lagoon, Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci, vol.53, pp.155-168, 2001.

. A-c-c-e-p-t-e-d-m-a-n-u-s-c-r-i-p-t-30,

G. Van-hoey, S. Degraer, and M. Vincx, Macrobenthic community structure of softbottom sediments at the Belgian Continental Shelf, Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci, vol.59, pp.599-613, 2004.

L. Vandepitte, B. Vanhoorne, A. Kraberg, N. Anisimova, C. Antoniadou et al., Hydrobiologia, vol.644, pp.1-13, 2010.

M. J. Vavrek, fossil: Palaeoecological and palaeogeographical analysis tools, 2011.

R. M. Warwick and R. J. Uncles, Distribution of benthic macrofauna associations in the Bristol Channel in relation to tidal stress, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser, vol.3, pp.97-103, 1980.

D. S. Wethey and S. A. Woodin, Ecological hindcasting of biogeographic responses to climate change in the European intertidal zone, Hydrobiologia, vol.606, pp.139-151, 2008.

C. Wienche and K. Bischof, Seaweeds biology: novel insights into ecophysiology, ecology and utilization, Ecological Studies, p.514, 2012.

J. A. Wiens, Spatial scaling in ecology, Funct. Ecol, vol.3, pp.385-397, 1989.

M. R. Willig, D. M. Kaufman, and R. D. Stevens, Latitudinal gradients of biodiversity: Pattern, process, scale, and synthesis, Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst, vol.34, p.506, 2003.