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Venous organization in the transverse foramen: dissection, histology, and magnetic resonance imaging.

Abstract : The anatomical arrangement of the venous system within the transverse foramen is controversial; there is disagreement whether the anatomy consists of a single vertebral vein or a confluence of venous plexus. Precise knowledge of this arrangement is necessary in imaging when vertebral artery dissection is suspected, as well as in surgical approaches for the cervical spine. This study aimed to better explain anatomical organization of the venous system within the transverse foramen according to the Trolard hypothesis of a transverse vertebral sinus. This was an anatomical and radiological study. For the anatomical study, 10 specimens were analyzed after vascular injection. After dissection, histological cuts were prepared. For the radiological study, a high-resolution MRI study with 2D time-of-flight segment MR venography sequences was performed on 10 healthy volunteers. Vertebral veins are arranged in a plexiform manner within the transverse canal. This arrangement begins at the upper part of the transverse canal before the vertebral vein turns into a single vein along with the vertebral artery running from the transverse foramen of the C-6. This venous system runs somewhat ventrolaterally to the vertebral artery. In most cases, this arrangement is symmetrical and facilitates radiological readings. The anastomoses between vertebral veins and ventral longitudinal veins are uniform and arranged segmentally at each vertebra. These findings confirm recent or previous anatomical descriptions and invalidate others. It is hard to come up with a common description of the arrangement of vertebral veins. The authors suggest providing clinicians as well as anatomists with a well-detailed description of components essential to the understanding of this organization.
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Contributor : Ghislaine Calvez Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 17, 2016 - 10:30:38 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 31, 2022 - 11:00:02 AM



Elsa Magro, Jean-Christophe Gentric, Matthieu Talagas, Zarrin Alavi, Michel Nonent, et al.. Venous organization in the transverse foramen: dissection, histology, and magnetic resonance imaging.. British Journal of Neurosurgery, 2015, 123 (1), pp.118-25. ⟨10.3171/2014.10.JNS14906⟩. ⟨hal-01275242⟩



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