Differential Effects of Dimethylsulfoniopropionate, Dimethylsulfonioacetate, and Other S-Methylated Compounds on the Growth of Sinorhizobium meliloti at Low and High Osmolarities.

Abstract : An extract from the marine alga Ulva lactuca was highly osmoprotective in salt-stressed cultures of Sinorhizobium meliloti 102F34. This beneficial activity was due to algal 3-dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), which was accumulated as a dominant compatible solute and strongly reduced the accumulation of endogenous osmolytes in stressed cells. Synthetic DMSP also acted as a powerful osmoprotectant and was accumulated as a nonmetabolizable cytosolic osmolyte (up to a concentration of 1,400 nmol/mg of protein) throughout the growth cycles of the stressed cultures. In contrast, 2-dimethylsulfonioacetate (DMSA), the sulfonium analog of the universal osmoprotectant glycine betaine (GB), was highly toxic to unstressed cells and was not osmoprotective in stressed cells of wild-type strains of S. meliloti. Nonetheless, the transport and accumulation of DMSA, like the transport and accumulation of DMSP and GB, were osmoregulated and increased fourfold in stressed cells of strain 102F34. Strikingly, DMSA was not toxic and became highly osmoprotective in mutants that are impaired in their ability to demethylate GB and DMSA. Furthermore, 2-methylthioacetate and thioglycolic acid (TGA), the demethylation products of DMSA, were excreted, apparently as a mechanism of cellular detoxification. Also, exogenous TGA and DMSA displayed similar inhibitory effects in strain 102F34. Thus, on the basis of these findings and other physiological and biochemical evidence, we infer that the toxicity of DMSA in wild-type strains of S. meliloti stems from its catabolism via the GB demethylation pathway. This is the first report describing the toxicity of DMSA in any organism and a metabolically stable osmoprotectant (DMSP) in S. meliloti.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Applied and Environmental Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, 1998, 64 (4), pp.1420-9
Liste complète des métadonnées

http://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-01067021
Contributeur : Vianney Pichereau <>
Soumis le : lundi 22 septembre 2014 - 17:55:46
Dernière modification le : samedi 24 mars 2018 - 01:43:21

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : hal-01067021, version 1
  • PUBMED : 16349544

Citation

Vianney Pichereau, J. A. Pocard, J. Hamelin, C. Blanco, T. Bernard. Differential Effects of Dimethylsulfoniopropionate, Dimethylsulfonioacetate, and Other S-Methylated Compounds on the Growth of Sinorhizobium meliloti at Low and High Osmolarities.. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, 1998, 64 (4), pp.1420-9. 〈hal-01067021〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

207