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Adult-onset eculizumab-resistant hemolytic uremic syndrome associated with cobalamin C deficiency.

Abstract : A 20-year-old man was hospitalized for malignant hypertension, mechanical hemolysis, and kidney failure. Kidney biopsy confirmed glomerular and arteriolar thrombotic microangiopathy. Etiologic analyses, which included ADAMTS13 activity, stool culture, complement factor proteins (C3, C4, factor H, factor I, and MCP [membrane cofactor protein]), anti-factor H antibodies, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) serology, and antinuclear and antiphospholipid antibodies, returned normal results. Malignant hypertension was diagnosed. Ten months later, we observed a relapse of acute kidney injury and mechanical hemolysis. Considering a diagnosis of complement dysregulation-related atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), we began treatment with eculizumab. Despite the efficient complement blockade, the patient's kidney function continued to decline. We performed additional analyses and found that the patient's homocysteine levels were dramatically increased, with no vitamin B12 (cobalamin) or folate deficiencies. We observed very low plasma methionine levels associated with methylmalonic aciduria, which suggested cobalamin C disease. We stopped the eculizumab infusions and initiated specific treatment, which resulted in complete cessation of hemolysis. MMACHC (methylmalonic aciduria and homocystinuria type C protein) sequencing revealed compound heterozygosity for 2 causative mutations. To our knowledge, this is the first report of adult-onset cobalamin C-related HUS. Considering the wide availability and low cost of the homocysteine assay, we suggest that it be included in the diagnostic algorithm for adult patients who present with HUS.
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Contributor : Geneviève Michel Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 24, 2014 - 3:47:25 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 7, 2022 - 11:32:04 AM



Emilie Cornec-Le Gall, Yahsou Delmas, Loïc de Parscau, Laurent Doucet, Hélène Ogier, et al.. Adult-onset eculizumab-resistant hemolytic uremic syndrome associated with cobalamin C deficiency.. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 2014, 63 (1), pp.119-23. ⟨10.1053/j.ajkd.2013.08.031⟩. ⟨hal-01011789⟩



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