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The evolution and use of skin explants: potential and limitations for dermatological research.

Abstract : Different models have been developed to understand the biology of skin or to test pharmaceutical/cosmetic products. These models can be in vitro models that possess advantages such as mono and co-culture models in 2D, which are very reproducible, or organotypic models (skin explant and reconstructed skin) that present a 3D organisation. Animal or human in vivo models allow studies that are closer to reality. In virtuo models developed on computers control all known parameters and do not require animals. The major limitations of these models are the lack of 3D structure for in vitro culture, the variability of results from organotypic models, ethical problems inherent to human and animal tests and the presence of numerous unknown parameters in in virtuo systems. Despite their limitations, skin explants seem to be an interesting model for studies. Skin explants may be kept from a few hours to 10-14 days on supports or directly in culture medium. These explants are generally cultivated at 37 °C, 5% CO(2), preferentially in serum-free conditions. Three basic techniques are used to characterise these models: histological stains, proliferation, apoptosis and cytotoxicity tests. Skin explants could be a very convenient model to study wound-healing, inflammation processes, autoimmune diseases, malignant transformation, stress, ageing, and to serve as screening tests.
keyword : Skin explant model
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Contributor : Nicolas Lebonvallet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, February 14, 2014 - 9:41:20 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 23, 2022 - 5:28:31 PM




Nicolas Lebonvallet, Christine Jeanmaire, Louis Danoux, Pierre Sibille, Gilles Pauly, et al.. The evolution and use of skin explants: potential and limitations for dermatological research.. European Journal of Dermatology, 2010, 20 (6), pp.671-84. ⟨10.1684/ejd.2010.1054⟩. ⟨hal-00946758⟩



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