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Adapting the D-dimer cutoff for thrombosis detection in elderly outpatients.

Abstract : D-dimer measurement is an important step in diagnostic strategies for venous thromboembolism. It allows the safe ruling out of the diagnosis with no need for imaging tests in approximately 30% of outpatients. However, the usefulness of d-dimer is limited in elderly patients; the likelihood of a negative d-dimer strongly decreases with age, making physicians reluctant to order the test. Several attempts to improve the performance of D-dimer in elderly patients have been pursued. Recently, an age-adjusted cutoff was derived; the optimal cutoff value (in µg/l) appears to be equal to the patient's age (in years) multiplied by ten in patients over 50 years of age with a low pretest clinical risk of venous thromboembolism. This age-adjusted cutoff value has been extensively and externally validated in retrospective studies that included mostly outpatients with suspected deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism and used various quantitative D-dimer assays. All available studies confirmed the increased usefulness and similar safety of the age-adjusted cutoff compared with the conventional cutoff, the most important benefit being obtained in elderly patients. However, before any recommendation for clinical practice can be made, a prospective diagnostic management outcome study is lacking, in which all low clinical risk patients with D-dimer levels below their age-adjusted cutoff would be left untreated with no further diagnostic testing.
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-00933154
Contributor : Ghislaine Calvez Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, January 20, 2014 - 9:27:00 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 10:15:52 AM

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Marion Andro, Marc Righini, Grégoire Le Gal. Adapting the D-dimer cutoff for thrombosis detection in elderly outpatients.. Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy, Expert Reviews, 2013, 11 (6), pp.751-9. ⟨10.1586/erc.13.51⟩. ⟨hal-00933154⟩

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