Phase II trial of anticarcinoembryonic antigen pretargeted radioimmunotherapy in progressive metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma: biomarker response and survival improvement.

Abstract : UNLABELLED: The prognosis of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) varies from long- to short-term survival based on such prognostic factors as serum calcitonin and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) doubling times (DTs). This prospective phase II multicenter trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of anti-CEA pretargeted radioimmunotherapy (pRAIT) in rapidly progressing metastatic MTC patients and also how serum biomarker DTs correlate with clinical outcome. METHODS: From June 2004 to January 2008, 42 patients were treated with anti-CEA × anti-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) bispecific antibody (hMN-14 × m734) (40 mg/m(2)), followed by (131)I-di-DTPA-indium bivalent hapten (1.8 GBq/m(2)) 4-6 d later. RESULTS: The disease control rate (durable stabilization plus objective response) was 76.2%. Grade 3-4 hematologic toxicity was observed in 54.7% of patients and myelodysplastic syndrome in 2, including 1 heavily treated previously. After pRAIT, 21 of 37 assessed patients (56.7%) showed a significant impact on DT (≥100% increase of pre-pRAIT calcitonin or CEA DT or prolonged decrease of the biomarker concentration after pRAIT). Pre-pRAIT DT and post-pRAIT DT were significant independent predictors for overall survival (OS) from pRAIT (pre-pRAIT: hazard ratio [HR], 0.46; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.24-0.86; P = 0.016; and post-pRAIT: HR, 5.32; 95% CI, 1.63-17.36; P = 0.006) and OS from diagnosis (pre-pRAIT: HR, 0.21; 95% CI, 0.08-0.51; P = 0.001; and post-pRAIT: HR, 6.16; 95% CI, 1.81-20.98; P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: pRAIT showed antitumor activity, with manageable hematologic toxicity in progressive MTC. Increased biomarker DT after treatment correlated with increased OS.
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Journal of Nuclear Medicine, Society of Nuclear Medicine, 2012, 53 (8), pp.1185-92. 〈10.2967/jnumed.111.101865〉
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Soumis le : jeudi 16 janvier 2014 - 15:33:23
Dernière modification le : jeudi 5 avril 2018 - 16:28:01

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Pierre-Yves Salaun, Loïc Campion, Claire Bournaud, Alain Faivre-Chauvet, Jean-Philippe Vuillez, et al.. Phase II trial of anticarcinoembryonic antigen pretargeted radioimmunotherapy in progressive metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma: biomarker response and survival improvement.. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, Society of Nuclear Medicine, 2012, 53 (8), pp.1185-92. 〈10.2967/jnumed.111.101865〉. 〈hal-00932253〉

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