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The hook effect in calcitonin immunoradiometric assay: a case report.

Abstract : UNLABELLED: The hook effect, which has long been detected and documented for immunoradiometric assays (IRMA) such as those measuring prolactin or thyroglobulin, occurs when the serum antigen level is extremely high, thus inducing a bias in the methodology of measurement. RESULTS: We report the case of an 80-year-old man with confirmed medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). In the case reported here, the clinical status of the patient contrasts with his tumor antigen, serum calcitonin (CT), concentrations. The measured increased CT concentrations revealed the presence of a hook effect. This phenomenon occurs due to an excess of antigen during the one-step IRMA where the signal antibodies, bound to the non-captured antigens, are washed out during the measurement, inducing the loss of signal. Aiming to prevent the "hook effect", successive dilutions of the same sample of serum were done. CONCLUSIONS: Previous studies have shown when one-step IRMA reveals high concentrations of a tumor serum antigen (i.e. prolactin or thyroglobulin), a two-step IRMA or a systematic 1:10 dilution of the serum sample prevents the formation of the "hook effect". In our case report, the CT "hook effect" formation was prevented by performing serial dilutions of the serum sample.
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-00931906
Contributor : Ghislaine Calvez <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 16, 2014 - 9:33:39 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 29, 2018 - 4:09:33 PM

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Marie-Sarah Fangous, Hélène Kerspern, Marie-Pierre Moineau, Véronique Kerlan, Zarrin Alavi, et al.. The hook effect in calcitonin immunoradiometric assay: a case report.. Annales d'Endocrinologie, Elsevier Masson, 2012, 73 (6), pp.552-5. ⟨10.1016/j.ando.2012.07.681⟩. ⟨hal-00931906⟩

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