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Clinical and metabolic characteristics of patients with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA): absence of rapid beta-cell loss in patients with tight metabolic control.

Abstract : AIM AND METHODS: The present study compared the clinical and metabolic characteristics of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) with type 2 diabetes, as well as the residual beta-cell function and progression to insulin treatment, over a 2-year follow-up period, of antibody (Ab)-positive and Ab-negative patients who achieved tight glycaemic control (HbA(1c) 7.0+/-0.8% and 6.5+/-0.9%, respectively, at the time of entry into the study). RESULTS: Glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GADA) and/or islet cell antibodies (ICA) were detected in 10% of patients presenting with non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Around half of Ab-positive patients required insulin treatment during the follow-up. Ab-positive patients displayed lower stimulated C-peptide levels both at entry and during the follow-up compared with Ab-negative patients, although no significant decline in C-peptide levels was observed in either subgroup over two years. Nevertheless, Ab-positive patients progressed more frequently to insulin treatment, and stimulated C-peptide tended to decrease in LADA patients who subsequently required insulin, whereas it remained stable in those who were non-insulin-dependent. In those who progressed, the trend towards C-peptide decline persisted even after starting insulin treatment. CONCLUSION: LADA patients demonstrate lower residual beta-cell function than do type 2 diabetes patients. However, those who achieve tight metabolic control do not present with a rapid decline in beta-cell function. Further studies are needed to determine the optimal treatment strategy in such patients.
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-00927660
Contributor : Ghislaine Calvez Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, January 13, 2014 - 2:21:15 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 3:48:30 AM

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L. Chaillous, B. Bouhanick, Véronique Kerlan, E. Mathieu, P. Lecomte, et al.. Clinical and metabolic characteristics of patients with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA): absence of rapid beta-cell loss in patients with tight metabolic control.. Diabetes and Metabolism, Elsevier Masson, 2010, 36 (1), pp.64-70. ⟨10.1016/j.diabet.2009.07.004⟩. ⟨hal-00927660⟩

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