A. L. Alldredge and C. Gotschalk, In situ settling behavior of marine snow, Limnol. Oceeanogr, vol.33, pp.339-351, 1988.

A. L. Alldredge and M. W. Silver, Characteristics, dynamics and significance of marine snow, Prog. Oceanogr, vol.20, pp.41-82, 1988.

S. Alvain, C. Moulin, Y. Dandonneau, and H. Loisel, Seasonal distribution and succession of dominant phytoplankton groups in the global ocean: A satellite view, Global Biogeochem. Cy, vol.22, p.3001, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00480911

A. N. Antia, W. Koeve, G. Fischer, T. Blanz, D. Schulz-bull et al., Basin-wide particulate carbon flux in the Atlantic Ocean: regional export patterns and potential for atmospheric CO 2 sequestration, Global Biogeochem. Cy, vol.15, pp.845-862, 2001.

R. A. Armstrong, C. Lee, J. I. Hedges, S. Honjo, and S. G. Wakeham, A new, mechanistic model for organic carbon fluxes in the ocean based on the quantitative association of POC with ballast minerals, Deep-Sea Res. Pt.II, vol.49, pp.219-236, 2002.

P. W. Boyd and T. W. Trull, Understanding the export of biogenic particles in oceanic waters: Is there consensus?, Prog. Oceanogr, vol.72, pp.276-312, 2007.

W. S. Broecker, Ocean chemistry during glacial time, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, vol.46, pp.1689-1705, 1982.

C. W. Brown and J. A. Yoder, Coccolithophorid blooms in the global ocean, J. Geophys. Res, vol.99, pp.7467-7482, 1994.

A. B. Burd and G. A. Jackson, Particle aggregation, Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci, vol.1, pp.65-90, 2009.

C. L. De-la-rocha and U. Passow, Factors influencing the sinking of POC and the efficiency of the biological carbon pump, Deep-Sea Res, Pt.II, vol.54, pp.639-658, 2007.

C. L. De-la-rocha, N. Nowald, and U. Passow, Interactions between diatom aggregates, minerals, particulate organic carbon, and dissolved organic matter: Further implications for the ballast hypothesis, Global Biogeochem. Cy, vol.22, p.4005, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00467141

W. G. Deuser, E. H. Ross, A. , and R. F. , Seasonality in the supply of sediment to the deep Sargasso Sea and implications for the rapid transfer of matter to the deep ocean, Deep Sea Res. A, vol.28, pp.495-505, 1981.

F. Ebersbach, T. W. Trull, D. M. Davies, and S. G. Bray, Controls on mesopelagic particle fluxes in the Sub-Antarctic and Polar Frontal Zones in the Southern Ocean south of Australia in summer -Perspectives from free-drifting sediment traps, Deep-Sea Res. Pt.II, vol.58, pp.2260-2276, 2011.

A. Engel, S. Goldthwait, U. Passow, A. , and A. , Temporal decoupling of carbon and nitrogen dynamics in a mesocosm diatom bloom, Limnol. Oceanogr, vol.47, pp.753-761, 2002.

A. Engel, L. Abramson, J. Szlosek, Z. Liu, G. Stewart et al., Investigating the effect of ballasting by CaCO 3 in Emiliania huxleyi: II. Decomposition of particulate organic matter, Deep-Sea Res. Pt.II, vol.56, pp.1408-1419, 2009.

A. Engel, J. Szlosek, L. Abramson, Z. Liu, and C. Lee, Investigating the effect of ballasting by CaCO 3 in Emiliania huxleyi: I. Formation, settling velocities and physical properties of aggregates, Deep-Sea Res. Pt.II, vol.56, pp.1396-1407, 2009.

G. Fischer and &. G. Karakas, Sinking rates and ballast composition of particles in the Atlantic Ocean: implications for the organic carbon fluxes to the deep ocean, Biogeosciences, vol.6, pp.85-102, 2009.

R. François, S. Honjo, R. Krishfield, and S. Manganini, Factors controlling the flux of organic carbon to the bathypelagic zone of the ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cy, vol.16, p.1087, 2002.

L. Guidi, G. A. Jackson, L. Stemmann, J. C. Miquel, M. Picheral et al., Relationship between particle size distribution and flux in the mesopelagic zone, Deep-Sea Res. Pt.I, vol.55, pp.1364-1374, 2008.

R. R. Guillard, Culture of marine phytoplankton for feeding marine invertebrates, Culture of Marine Invertebrate Animals, pp.26-60, 1975.

C. E. Hamm, Interactive aggregation and sedimentation of diatoms and clay-sized 700 lithogenic material, Limnol. Oceanogr, vol.47, pp.1790-1795, 2002.

J. Harlay, L. Chou, C. De-bodt, N. Van-oostende, J. Piontek et al., Biogeochemistry and carbon mass balance of a coccolithophore bloom in the northern Bay of Biscay, Deep-Sea Res. Pt.I, vol.58, pp.111-127, 2006.

S. Honjo, S. J. Manganini, R. A. Krishfield, R. François, D. Iglesias-rodriguez et al., Particulate organic carbon fluxes to the ocean interior and factors controlling the biological pump: A synthesis of global sediment trap programs since 1983, Representing key phytoplankton functional groups in ocean carbon cycle models: Coccolithophorids, vol.76, p.1100, 2002.

M. H. Iversen and H. Ploug, Ballast minerals and the sinking carbon flux in the ocean: carbon-specific respiration rates and sinking velocity of marine snow aggregates, Biogeosciences, vol.7, pp.2613-2624, 2010.

M. H. Iversen, N. Nowald, H. Ploug, G. A. Jackson, and G. Fischer, High resolution profiles of vertical particulate matter export off Cape Blanc, Mauritania: Degradation processes and ballasting effects, Deep Sea Res. Pt.I, vol.57, pp.711-784, 2010.

G. A. Jackson, R. Maffione, D. K. Costello, A. L. Alldredge, B. E. Logan et al., Particle size spectra between 1 µm and 1 cm at Monterey Bay determined using multiple instruments, Deep-Sea Res. Pt.I, vol.44, pp.1739-1767, 1997.

T. Kiørboe, Formation and fate of marine snow: small-scale processes with large-scale implications, Sci. Mar, vol.65, pp.57-71, 2001.

C. Klaas and D. E. Archer, Association of sinking organic matter with various types of mineral ballast in the deep sea: Implications for the rain ratio, Global Biogeochem. Cy, vol.16, p.1116, 2002.

E. Y. Kwon, F. Primeau, and J. L. Sarmiento, The impact of remineralization depth on the air-sea carbon balance, Nature Geosci, vol.2, pp.630-635, 2009.

F. A. Le-moigne, M. Gallinari, E. Laurenceau, and C. L. De-la-rocha, Enhanced rates of particulate organic matter remineralization by microzooplankton are diminished by added ballast minerals, Biogeosciences, vol.10, pp.5755-5765, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00926372

A. Lorrain, N. Savoye, L. Chauvaud, Y. Paulet, and N. Naulet, Decarbonation and preservation method for the analysis of organic C and N contents and stable isotope ratios of lowcarbonated suspended particulate material, Anal. Chim. Acta, vol.491, pp.125-133, 2003.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00452450

J. H. Martin, G. A. Knauer, D. M. Karl, and W. W. Broenkow, VERTEX: carbon cycling in the northeast Pacific, Deep-Sea Res, vol.34, pp.267-285, 1987.

P. Martin, J. T. Allen, M. J. Cooper, D. G. Johns, R. S. Lampitt et al., Sedimentation of acantharian cysts in the Iceland Basin: Strontium as a ballast for deep ocean particle flux, and implications for acantharian reproductive strategies, Limnol. Oceanogr, vol.55, pp.604-614, 2010.

A. M. Mcdonnell and K. O. Buesseler, Variability in the average sinking velocity of marine particles, Limnol. Oceanogr, vol.55, pp.2085-2096, 2010.

J. B. Mullin and J. P. Riley, The spectrophotometric determination of silicate-silicon in natural waters with special reference to sea water, Anal. Chim. Acta, vol.46, pp.491-501, 1965.

U. Passow, Switching perspectives: do mineral fluxes determine particulate organic carbon fluxes or vice versa?, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst, vol.5, p.4002, 2004.

U. Passow and A. L. Alldredge, Aggregation of a diatom bloom in a mesocosm: The role of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP), Deep-Sea Res, Pt.II, vol.42, pp.99-109, 1995.

U. Passow and C. L. De-la-rocha, Accumulation of mineral ballast on organic aggregates, Global Biogeochem. Cy, vol.20, p.1013, 2006.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00467271

U. Passow, C. L. De-la-rocha, C. Fairfield, and K. Schmidt, Aggregation as a function of pCO 2 and mineral particles, Limnol. Oceanogr, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02550589

H. Ploug and B. B. Jorgensen, A net-jet flow system for mass transfer and microsensor studies of sinking aggregates, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser, vol.176, pp.279-290, 1999.

H. Ploug, M. H. Iversen, and G. Fischer, Ballst, sinking velocity, and apparent diffusivity within marine snow and zooplankton fecal pellets: Implications for substrate turnover by attached bacteria, Limnol. Oceanogr, vol.53, pp.1878-1886, 2008.

H. Ploug, A. ;. Terbrüggen, A. Kaufmann, D. Wolf-gladrow, and U. Passow, A novel method to measure particle sinkig velocity in vitro, and its comparison to three other in vitro methods, Limnol. Oceanogr.: Methods, vol.8, pp.386-393, 2010.

A. J. Poulton, R. Sanders, P. M. Holligan, M. C. Stinchcombe, T. R. Adey et al., Phytoplankton mineralization in the tropical and subtropical Atlantic Ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cy, vol.20, p.4002, 2006.

O. Ragueneau and . Tréguer, P: Determination of biogenic silica in coastal waters: applicability and limits of the alkaline digestion method, Mar. Chem, vol.45, pp.43-51, 1994.

J. S. Riley, R. Sanders, C. Marsay, F. A. Le-moigne, E. P. Achterberg et al., The relative contribution of fast and slow sinking particles to ocean carbon export, Global Biogeochem. Cy, vol.26, p.1026, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02345392

R. Sanders, P. J. Morris, A. J. Poulton, M. C. Stinchcombe, A. Charalampopoulou et al., Does a ballast effect occur in the surface ocean?, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.37, p.8602, 2010.

R. Schiebel, Planktic foraminiferal sedimentation and the marine calcite budget, Global Biogeochem. Cy, vol.16, p.1065, 2002.

A. L. Shanks and J. D. Trent, Marine snow -Sinking rates and potential role in vertical flux, Deep-Sea Res. A, vol.27, pp.137-143, 1980.

T. J. Smayda, The suspension and sinking of phytoplankton in the sea, Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev, vol.8, pp.353-414, 1970.

E. Suess, Particulate organic carbon flux in the oceans-surface productivity and oxygen utilization, Nature, vol.288, pp.260-263, 1980.

S. J. Thomalla, A. J. Poulton, R. Sanders, R. Turnewitsch, P. M. Holligan et al., Variable export fluxes and efficiencies for calcite, opal, and organic carbon in the Atlantic Ocean: A ballast effect in action?, Global Biogeochem. Cy, vol.22, p.1010, 2008.

J. T. Turner, Zooplankton fecal pellets, marine snow and sinking phytoplankton blooms, Aquat. Microb. Ecol, vol.27, pp.57-102, 2002.

J. D. Wilson, S. Barker, and A. Ridgwell, Assessment of the spatial variability in particulate organic matter and mineral sinking fluxes in the ocean interior: Implications for the ballast hypothesis, Global Biogeochem. Cy, vol.26, p.4011, 2012.

K. Ziervogel and S. Forster, Aggregation and sinking behaviour of resuspended fluffy layer material, Cont. Shelf Res, vol.25, pp.1853-1863, 2005.