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Activation of the MAPKs ERK1/2 by cell swelling in turbot hepatocytes.

Abstract : BACKGROUND INFORMATION: Activation of MAPKs (mitogen-activated protein kinases), in particular ERK1/2 (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 1/2), has been reported to take place in a large variety of cell types after hypo-osmotic cell swelling. Depending on cell type, ERK1/2 phosphorylation can then serve or not the RVD (regulatory volume decrease) process. The present study investigates ERK1/2 activation after aniso-osmotic stimulations in turbot hepatocytes and the potential link between phosphorylation of these proteins and RVD. RESULTS: In turbot hepatocytes, Western-blot analysis shows that a hypo-osmotic shock from 320 to 240 mOsm kg(-1) induced a rapid increase in ERK1/2 phosphorylation, whereas a hyper-osmotic shock from 320 to 400 mOsm kg(-1) induced no significant change in the phosphorylation of these proteins. The hypo-osmotic-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation was significantly prevented when hypo-osmotic shock was performed in the presence of the specific MEK (MAPK/ERK kinase) inhibitor PD98059 (100 microM). In these conditions, the RVD process was not altered, suggesting that ERK1/2 did not participate in this process in turbot hepatocytes. Moreover, the hypo-osmotic-induced activation of ERK1/2 was significantly prevented by breakdown of extracellular ATP by apyrase (10 units ml(-1)), by inhibition of purinergic P2 receptors by suramin (100 microM) or by calcium depletion using EGTA (1 mM) and thapsigargin (1 microM). CONCLUSIONS: In turbot hepatocytes, hypo-osmotic swelling but not hyper-osmotic shrinkage induced the activation of ERK1/2. However, these proteins do not seem to be involved in the RVD process. Their hypo-osmotic-induced activation is partially due to cascades of signalling events triggered by the binding of released ATP on purinergic P2 receptors and requires the presence of calcium.
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Contributor : François Guerrero Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Sunday, June 23, 2013 - 12:47:30 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 11, 2021 - 2:22:30 PM

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Audrey Fouchs, Hélène Ollivier, Christophe Haond, Stella Roy, Patrick Calvès, et al.. Activation of the MAPKs ERK1/2 by cell swelling in turbot hepatocytes.. Biology of the Cell, 2010, 102 (8), pp.447-56. ⟨10.1042/BC20090154⟩. ⟨hal-00837573⟩



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