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Prey preferences of adult sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax in the northeastern Atlantic: Implications for bycatch of common dolphin Delphinus delphis

Abstract : In the northeastern Atlantic, adult sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) is one of largest fish living on the shelf, and this species has important commercial value. However, pelagic trawl fisheries that target sea bass have negative operational interactions with common dolphins (Delphinus delphis). Our goal was to determine the diet of adult sea bass in the Bay of Biscay from stomachcontent and stable-isotope analyses, and explore the dietary overlap between sea bass and common dolphins. We found that sea bass primarily target small pelagic fish, most notably mackerel (Scomber scombrus), scads (Trachurus spp.), anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus), and sardine (Sardina pilchardus). These four species also dominated the diets of common dolphins. This overlap in feeding preferences could increase the risk of dolphins being caught by trawl fisheries while feeding among sea bass, and may be an underlying mechanism to explain the high rate of common dolphin bycatch observed in the pelagic trawl fishery for sea bass in the Bay of Biscay. Understanding the foraging ecology and trophic interactions of predator species is an essential step for identifying and resolving management issues in the northeastern Atlantic and other marine ecosystems. © 2013 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 18, 2013 - 5:09:20 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 23, 2020 - 3:38:59 AM

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J. Spitz, Tiphaine Chouvelon, Marion Cardinaud, C. Kostecki, P. Lorance. Prey preferences of adult sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax in the northeastern Atlantic: Implications for bycatch of common dolphin Delphinus delphis. ICES Journal of Marine Science, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2013, 70 (2), pp.452-461. ⟨10.1093/icesjms/fss200⟩. ⟨hal-00815475⟩

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