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Switching the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor backbone to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine promptly improves triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in dyslipidaemic patients.

Abstract : OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of switching to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine on lipid parameters. METHODS: HIV-infected patients with plasma viral load <400 copies/mL, fasted triglycerides from 2.3 to 11.4 mmol/L and/or fasted low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol >4.1 mmol/L were randomized to switch the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) backbone to fixed-dose combination tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine or to maintain the baseline antiretroviral regimen (the control group). The study has been registered with ClinicalTrials.gov under the identifier NCT00323492. RESULTS: Ninety-one patients were included in the intent-to-treat (ITT) analysis with triglycerides 2.4 mmol/L and LDL-cholesterol 4.0 mmol/L (median values). At week 12, the median changes from baseline of triglycerides were -0.5 mmol/L (-25%; n = 46) and -0.1 mmol/L (-6%; n = 45) in the tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine and control groups, respectively, indicating a difference of -0.4 mmol/L (P = 0.034) [95% confidence interval (CI): -0.9 to -0.0]. Similarly for LDL-cholesterol, changes of -0.4 mmol/L (-9%) and -0.1 mmol/L (-1%) were observed in the tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine and control groups, respectively, indicating a difference of -0.4 mmol/L (P = 0.031) [95% CI: -0.7 to -0.0]. The proportion of patients with LDL-cholesterol >4.1 mmol/L decreased from 48% at baseline to 26% at week 12 in the tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine group versus no change in the control group. No virological failure was observed during the study. CONCLUSIONS: Switching to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine in dyslipidaemic HIV-infected patients improves triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol.
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-00790099
Contributor : Ghislaine Calvez <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 19, 2013 - 2:13:30 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 11:17:03 AM

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Marc Antoine Valantin, Randa Bittar, Pierre de Truchis, D. Bollens, L. Slama, et al.. Switching the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor backbone to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate + emtricitabine promptly improves triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in dyslipidaemic patients.. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2010, 65 (3), pp.556-61. ⟨10.1093/jac/dkp462⟩. ⟨hal-00790099⟩

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