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Comparisons of liver proteomes in the European flounder Platichthys flesus from three contrasted estuaries

Abstract : Estuaries are important areas highly susceptible to anthropogenic degradations like pollution. Estuarine species have thus to cope with many types of constraints depending on the estuaries' characteristics. The European flounder Platichthys flesus is considered as a sentinel species for the monitoring of estuarine water quality. In this study, juvenile flounders (0+ group) were sampled from three contrasted Channel estuaries, i.e. the Seine, the Canche and the Tamar, and we characterized their liver proteomes by using a two-dimensional electrophoresis based proteomic approach. We showed that 27 protein spots differentially accumulated between the 3 populations. Six of these proteins were identified by MALDI TOF-TOF mass spectrometry. Flounders from the Seine and from the Tamar, two highly polluted estuaries, displayed common differences, i.e. an increase of the energetic- and the glutathione-metabolism. The most accumulated protein in the Seine's samples (6.7-fold) was a Vitelline Membrane Outer layer protein 1 homolog, suggesting oogenesis deregulation in these juvenile (sexually immature) flounders. Future works applying this kind of proteomic approach on flounders experimentally exposed to conditions that mimic environmental constraints will help to better understand the significance of these environmental proteomic signatures.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 18, 2013 - 9:49:14 AM
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Claire Galland, Cécile Dupuy, Carole Capitaine, Michel Auffret, Louis Quiniou, et al.. Comparisons of liver proteomes in the European flounder Platichthys flesus from three contrasted estuaries. Journal of Sea Research (JSR), 2013, 75, pp.135-141. ⟨10.1016/j.seares.2012.05.009⟩. ⟨hal-00789348⟩



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