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Role of Toll-like receptors in primary Sjögren's syndrome with a special emphasis on B-cell maturation within exocrine tissues.

Abstract : Be they follicular cells within the germinal centers (GCs) or marginal zone (MZ), all naïve mature B lymphocytes need tonic signaling to stay alive. We reasoned that the same holds true for those B lymphocytes that proliferate in the salivary glands (SGs) of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome. Based on B cell infiltration, 11 SGs and three tonsil samples were selected for further examination. Tissue sections were stained using CD20 combined with CD10, CD21, CD27, CD38 or IgD. They were also laser-microdissected for quantitative RT-PCR of transcription factors, GC-specific activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) and TLR9. Some B cell aggregates proved to be real GCs according to their membrane markers, whereas others were clusters of transitional type II B cells. These contained mRNAs for Notch-2 and Blimp-1, but not for Pax-5, Bcl-6 and AID. Unanticipated was the finding of mRNAs for TLR9 in these clusters of MZ B-cells, but not in the real GCs. Not only do TLR9 deliver sufficiency of tonic signaling to keep B cells alive, but they also confer autoreactive B cells with an MZ-like phenotype. Thus, TLRs might be targets for forthcoming biotherapies.
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https://hal.univ-brest.fr/hal-00771049
Contributor : Geneviève Michel <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 8, 2013 - 9:24:18 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 29, 2017 - 2:53:51 PM

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Thomas Guerrier, Laëtitia Le Pottier, Valérie Devauchelle, Jacques-Olivier Pers, Christophe Jamin, et al.. Role of Toll-like receptors in primary Sjögren's syndrome with a special emphasis on B-cell maturation within exocrine tissues.. Journal of Autoimmunity, Elsevier, 2012, 39 (1-2), pp.69-76. ⟨10.1016/j.jaut.2012.01.016⟩. ⟨hal-00771049⟩

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