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Response of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas to hypoxia exposure under experimental conditions.

Abstract : The molecular response to hypoxia stress in aquatic invertebrates remains relatively unknown. In this study, we investigated the response of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas to hypoxia under experimental conditions and focused on the analysis of the differential expression patterns of specific genes associated with hypoxia response. A suppression subtractive hybridization method was used to identify specific hypoxia up- and downregulated genes, in gills, mantle and digestive gland, after 7-10 days and 24 days of exposure. This method revealed 616 different sequences corresponding to 12 major physiological functions. The expression of eight potentially regulated genes was analysed by RT-PCR in different tissues at different sampling times over the time course of hypoxia. These genes are implicated in different physiological pathways such as respiration (carbonic anhydrase), carbohydrate metabolism (glycogen phosphorylase), lipid metabolism (delta-9 desaturase), oxidative metabolism and the immune system (glutathione peroxidase), protein regulation (BTF3, transcription factor), nucleic acid regulation (myc homologue), metal sequestration (putative metallothionein) and stress response (heat shock protein 70). Stress proteins (metallothioneins and heat shock proteins) were also quantified. This study contributes to the characterization of many potential genetic markers that could be used in future environmental monitoring, and could lead to explore new mechanisms of stress tolerance in marine mollusc species.
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Contributor : François Guerrero Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 9, 2012 - 11:15:43 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 3:25:40 PM



Elise David, Arnaud Tanguy, Karine Pichavant, Dario Moraga. Response of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas to hypoxia exposure under experimental conditions.. FEBS Journal, 2005, 272 (21), pp.5635-52. ⟨10.1111/j.1742-4658.2005.04960.x⟩. ⟨hal-00750438⟩



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